Anoplolepis (Anoplolepis) gracilipes (F Smith)
Type locality Singapore
(Formica Longipes n. s., Jerdon, 1851: 122, worker, type
replacement name Formica gracilipes, F Smith, 1857a: 55,
worker, from Singapore; gracilipes as junior synonym of
longipes, Emery 1887a: 247; Mayr, 1867a: 73, queen;
in Anoplolepis Emery, 1925b: 17; replacement name designated
(?) by Bolton, 1995: 67) .
reportedly pan-tropical and often very troublesome tramp species.
Wheeler, 1922: 933, lists it from Zanzibar, Tanzania, citing
Mayr (1895: 149), collector Dr Brauns, noting it as "P. longipes
Jerd. (gracilipes SM.)". Earlier, it was listed by Stadelmann
(1898), collected by Stuhlmann, a finding reiterated by Mayr 1893a).
Mayr (1862: 698) reported gracilipes from Hong Kong.
Curiously, as it is the sole Anoplolepis
described from outside Africa, there seem to be no reports from
mainland Africa. Quite why Wilson & Taylor (1967: 84) should have
written - "A. longipes is native to Africa and has been spread
by human commerce thoughout most of the Old World tropics" - is
strange, as they provided no evidence or findings to support their
Further information and excellent images can be found at
from where the montage (right) has been compiled. Note the citation of
the misinformation in Wilson & Taylor (1987) see above.