The Ants of Africa
Genus Anoplolepis
Anoplolepis (Anoplolepis) gracilipes (F Smith)

Subgenus Anoplolepis

Anoplolepis (Anoplolepis) gracilipes (F Smith)

return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type locality Singapore (Formica Longipes n. s., Jerdon, 1851: 122, worker, type location India; replacement name Formica gracilipes, F Smith, 1857a: 55, worker, from Singapore; gracilipes as junior synonym of longipes, Emery 1887a: 247; Mayr, 1867a: 73, queen; in Anoplolepis Emery, 1925b: 17; replacement name designated (?) by Bolton, 1995: 67) .


{Anoplolepis gracilipes}Jerdon's (1851) description (as Formica longipes) is at {original description}. Smith's (1857a) description (as Formica gracilipes) is at {original description}. Mayr's (1867a) fuller description (as Plagiolepis gracilipes) is at {original description}.


{Anoplolepis gracilipes} The photomontage is of a syntype worker; collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent01029510.


{Anoplolepis gracilipes}A reportedly pan-tropical and often very troublesome tramp species. Wheeler, 1922: 933, lists it from Zanzibar, Tanzania, citing Mayr (1895: 149), collector Dr Brauns, noting it as "P. longipes Jerd. (gracilipes SM.)". Earlier, it was listed by Stadelmann (1898), collected by Stuhlmann, a finding reiterated by Mayr 1893a). Mayr (1862: 698) reported gracilipes from Hong Kong.

Curiously, as it is the sole Anoplolepis described from outside Africa, there seem to be no reports from mainland Africa. Quite why Wilson & Taylor (1967: 84) should have written - "A. longipes is native to Africa and has been spread by human commerce thoughout most of the Old World tropics" - is strange, as they provided no evidence or findings to support their statement.

Further information and excellent images can be found at http://ant.edb.miyakyo-u.ac.jp/E/Taxo/F80301.html, from where the montage (right) has been compiled. Note the citation of the misinformation in Wilson & Taylor (1987) see above.

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