The Ants of Africa
Genus Carebara
Carebara vidua F Smith

Carebara vidua F Smith

return to key queen - return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location South Africa (Carebara vidua, F Smith, 1858b: 179, male; Mayr, 1866b: 904, queen; Forel, 1901g: 392, worker) Port Natal - male see below
junior synonyms
colossus (Carebara Colossus n. sp., Gerstäcker, 1859: 263, queen; also Gerstäcker, 1862: 512, synonymy Mayr, 1866b: 904) from Mozambique - see
dux (Carebara dux, F. Smith, 1858b: 179, queen) from South Africa, Port Natal - see below
abdominalis (Carevara vidua Sm., var. abdominalis n. var., Santschi, 1912d: 285, queen) from Kenya, British East Africa, by Alluaud - see
subspecies fur (Carevara vidua Sm. v. fur n. var., Santschi, 1928f: 198, queen) from Congo, Lambarene, Dr Schouteden - see
all forms described (see Bolton, 1995) .

{Carebara vidua} F Smith's (1858b) description is at {original description}. Mayr's (1866b) description of the queen and male is at {original description}. Gerstäcker's (1859) description of the colossus queen is at {original description}. Forel's (1901g) full description is at {original description}. Santschi's (1912d) description of the abdominalis queen is at {original description}. Santschi's (1928f) description of fur is at {original description}.

{Carebara vidua}Arnold (1916: 249) gave an illustrated translation and notes, these are is at {original description}, queen - {original description} and, male - {original description}.

Forel (1909b) recorded dux from Katanga by Lemaire.

{Carebara vidua queen}

{Carebara vidua morphs}Emery (1922f, Plate 4) gave comparative illustrations of the three forms.

Carebara vidua maleThe photomontage is of the holotype male collated from

Carebara vidua queenThe photomontage is of the type queen of dux collated from

Carebara vidua workerThe photomontage is of a likely worker from South Africa (P G Hawkes) collated from

{Carebara vidua sexuals}At the end of December, 2008, I received an email from Ted MacRae - "Hi Brian, I ran across another couple of photos from South Africa - the attached are of a mating cluster at Borakalalo National Park in North West Province. Photos taken 25.xi.1999. Any help with ID would be greatly appreciated. Best regards, Ted". These appear to be a good match for the descriptions (Arnold translation, 1916, links above) and Emery's Plate 4. See his website at

{Carebara vidua sexuals}

{Carebara vidua queens}In January, 2009, I received an email from Joan Young of with this photograph of queens taken in Pretoria, South Africa. Joan described them as "about an inch long", i.e. ca 24 mm. They show the variation in gaster colour mentioned by Arnold (see "card 8" linked above).

© 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2018 - Brian Taylor CBiol FRSB FRES
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