The Ants of Africa
Genus Crematogaster
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii Menozzi

Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii Menozzi

return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Nigeria (Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) Zavattarii n. sp., Menozzi, 1926a: 39, worker) collected at Port Harcourt, by Prof E Zavattari - see below
subspecies edmeeae (Cr. (Sph.) zavathari Men. stirps edmeeae n. st., Santschi, 1937g: 77, worker) from Congo, Brazzaville, collector A Weiss, 1927 - see below
worker only described (see Bolton, 1995) .


Menozzi's (1926a) description is at {original description}. Numerous workers. Santschi's (1937g) description of edmeeae is at {original description}.


{Crematogaster (Sph.) zavattarii}The photomontage of a cotype is collated from http://mcz-28168.oeb.harvard.edu/mcz/FMPro?-DB=Image.fm&-Lay=web&-Format=images.htm&Species_ID=30895&-Find. Presumably this has lost the intensity of colour, as the fresh specimens below match Menozzi's description as piceous, gaster slightly darker, with the appendage varying reddish.


{Crematogaster zavattarii}The photomontage of a second cotype worker is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=0912824.


{Crematogaster zavattarii xx}The photomontage of the edmeeae type worker (label reads ziki) is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=0912825.


{Crematogaster species}

Nigeria specimens (as Crematogaster ? gabonensis, Taylor, 1979: 29). WORKER. TL 4.01 mm, HL 0.90, HW 0.96, SL 0.67, PW 0.56
Colour of entire body orange-brown, except the gaster which is very dark red-brown. Mildly striate on the mesonotum and propodeum. Moderately dense pilosity and moderately abundant erect hairs. Profile of pro- and mesonotum convex, metanotal groove impressed. Propodeal spines long, acute and slightly upturned. Subpetiolar spine minute but acute.

This seems a good match, although perhaps larger, for zavattarii; alternatively or perhaps a synonym is nigeriensis although that appears from Santschi's description to have shorter propodeal spines.

{carton nest}Nests in dead wood both on the ground and on living trees building carton nests around and under flaky, cankerous bark (right, clickable image).

Can be a dominant species on cocoa, found on up to 2% of trees throughout the cocoa-growing area of Nigeria (Taylor, 1977). Tends Homoptera and builds carton tents to protect them (Taylor & Griffin, 1981). Also found on native shrubs and trees, and on cashew and kola.


Oxford University Museum specimens

Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Benin
S Tchibozo


28.ii.2007
06°55’32.8 N
02°29’13 E

Forêt de Gbèvozoumè
Lisière fourmis (forest edge/ border ants)
1
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Benin
J-F Vayssieres
RVA 2991
6.xi.2012
Koro
09°22'21'' N
02°40'13'' E
From beating weeds near river
2
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Benin
J-F Vayssieres
RVA 2993
6.xi.2012
Koro
09°22'21'' N
02°40'13'' E
From beating weeds near river
4
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Cameroun
A Fotso Kuate
Crematogaster sp16

15.v.2007
Boga
03°54'30" N
11°25'58" E
Quadrat in fallow
2
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Cameroun
A Fotso Kuate
Crematogaster sp3

9.v.2007
Awae II
03°54'30" N
11°25'58" E
Tuna bait in fallow
1
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Cameroun
A Fotso Kuate
Sample 69
28.vii.2010
Nko’ondo
03°54'30" N
11°25'58" E

2
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Central African Republic
P Annoyer
LN
14.xi.2010
Dzanga-Sangha
2°27'11.6"N
16°04'58.7"E
343 m; matin, Molongo, fleuve Sangha
2
{album}
Crematogaster (Sphaerocrema) zavattarii
B Taylor det.
Ghana
S Sky Stephens
06G0030
2006
in personal collection of S Sky Stephens
1
{album}

{Crematogaster zavattarii}The photomontage is of a worker from Benin; Forêt de Gbèvozoumè; collector S Tchibozo.


{Crematogaster zavattarii} The photomontage is of a worker from Ghana, collected by S Sky Stephens (06g0030).


Crematogaster zavattarii workerThe photomontage is of a worker from Cameroun; from Awae II; collector A Fotso Kuate (fk crematogaster sp 3)


Crematogaster zavattarii workerThe photomontage is of a worker from Central African Republic; Dzanga-Sangha; collector Philippe Annoyer (CAR LN)

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© 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2015 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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