Contents The Ants of Africa
Mosaics - Ghana - Ant species found on cocoa trees, 1969-72
From Majer (1975) -
A list of insects and other invertebrates associated with cocoa (Theobroma cacao) in a Ghana cocoa farm.
Most species collected by pyrethrum knockdown method from a single 2.55 ha plot at the University of Ghana Agricultural Research Station, near Kade (055'W 609'N). Others denoted [S] were collected by hand sampling from cocoa within 5 km of the study plot. The numbers [xxx] give the frequency in 144 pkd samples. Most determinations were by B. Bolton. Outdated names are shown in (brackets).
See also Ghana - 4
From Room (1971) -
Table 1. The ants of a cocoa farm locality in Ghana
Showing species recorded from cocoa trees at a farm close to the Mampong-Mamfe road, on top of the Akwapim Hills. Large, old trees, without shade, and a broken canopy.
Sampling by hand over the period December 1969-July 1970. The numbers [xxx] give the frequency in 168 samples from insolated cocoa canopy, from 30 farms, although the samples were aimed at having 30 samples in the territories of each of the dominants - Oecophylla longinoda, Crematogaster striatula, Cr. africana and Cr. clariventris plus 11 samples from Cr. buchneri territory and 37 other samples. [#] are records from cocoa canopy (Room, 1975). Outdated names are shown in (brackets).
See also Ghana - 3
Anochetus africanus [2] Anochetus africanus [#]
Anochetus pellucidus [2] Anochetus punctatus
Atopomyrmex mocquerysi [S] Calyptomyrmex nummuliticus (sp B)
Camponotus acvapimensis [31] Camponotus acvapimensis [2 + 1][#]
Camponotus brutus [27] Camponotus brutus [5][#]
Camponotus foraminosus [S] Camponotus niveosetosus [52][#]
Camponotus sp. (maculatus group) [S] Camponotus sp 2
Camponotus vividus [101] Camponotus sp E
Cataulacus brevisetosus [137] Camponotus vividus [28 + 1][#]
Cataulacus guineensis [117] Cataulacus egenus (sp G) [#]
Cataulacus mocquerysi [99] Cataulacus guineensis [39][#]
Cerapachys foreli (Phyracaces langi) [1] Cataulacus mocquerysi (sp K) [27][#]
Cerapachys sp. indet. (Phyracaces) [?] Cataulacus pygmaeus [63][#]
Crematogaster buchneri [2] Cataulacus vorticus (sp H)
Crematogaster castanea [88] Cerapachys foreli (Phyracaces langi)
Crematogaster clariventris [5] Cerapachys cribrinodis
Crematogaster depressa [19] Crematogaster africana [32][#]
Crematogaster gabonensis [5] Crematogaster castanea [34 + 4 in others][#]
Crematogaster jullieni [1] Crematogaster (Decacrema) sp 563 [5][#]
Crematogaster kneri [9] Diplomorium cotterelli
Crematogaster petiolidens [1] Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus
Crematogaster striatula [53] Dorylus (Anomma) nigricans
Crematogaster wellmani [1] Hypoponera lea
Dorylus (Anomma) nigricans [1] Hypoponera punctatissima
Lepisiota capensis (Acantholepis) [1] Hypoponera near camerunensis
Lepisiota sp. 1 (Acantholepis) [S] Lepisiota egregia (Acantholepis)
Lepisiota sp. 2 (Acantholepis) [2] Lepisiota spinosior (Acantholepis)
Leptothorax grisoni (sp. nr. grisoni) [3] Lepisiota sp A5 (Acantholepis) [15]
Monomorium floricola [S] Leptanilla sp A110
Monomorium oscaris (sp. G) [23] Leptogenys sp A 216 [1]
Monomorium sp. J [S] Microdaceton tibialis (exornatum)
Odontomachus troglodytes (haematodus) [2] Monomorium oscaris (sp G) [18]
Oecophylla longinoda [120] Monomorium sp I
Pachycondyla tarsata (Paltothyreus tarsatus) [1] Monomorium sp K [1]
Paratrechina sp. [S] Monomorium sp K/
Phasmomyrmex aberrans [2] Monomorium sp A171
Pheidole sp. A [3] Monomorium sp A172
Pheidole sp. B [S] Odontomachus assiniensis
Pheidole sp. D [1] Odontomachus troglodytes (haematodus) [#]
Pheidole sp. E [19] Oligomyrmex silvestrii
Pheidole sp. F [S] Oligomyrmex vorax
Pheidole sp. G [S] Oligomyrmex sp A176
Pheidole speculifera [1] Oligomyrmex sp A179
Plagiolepis brunni [S] Oligomyrmex sp B
Platythyrea conradti [2] Oligomyrmex sp I
Platythyrea frontalis (modesta) [33] Pachycondyla probably weberi (Mesoponera)
Polyrhachis decemdentata [99] Pachycondyla sjoestedti (Bothroponera)
Polyrhachis fissa [23] Pachycondyla soror (Bothroponera)
Polyrhachis laboriosa [68] Paedalgus termitolestes
Polyrhachis militaris [21] Paratrechina sp 2 [7]
Polyrhachis monista [S] Paratrechina sp 3 [1]
Polyrhachis sp. [S] Paratrechina sp 4
Pyramica (Serrastruma) lujae [S] Pheidole megacephala
Simopone sp. n. [S] Pheidole speculifera
Strumigenys cacaoensis [1] Pheidole near speculifera [#]
Tapinoma melanocephalum [72] Pheidole sp. B
Tapinoma sp A3 Pheidole sp. E [2]
Technomyrmex sp. 1 [28] Pheidole sp. F [1]
Technomyrmex sp. A [S] Pheidole sp. H [2]
Tetramorium aculeatus (Macromischoides) [101] Pheidole sp. L [6 + 1]
Tetramorium jugatum (sp. 1) [1] Pheidole sp. A84
Tetramorium lucayanum [2] Pheidole sp. A156
Tetramorium quadridentatum (sp. K) [44] Pheidole sp. A160
Tetramorium sp. K (Triglyphothrix) (possibly brevispinosum as one of few former Triglyphothrix recorded above ground) [S] Pheidole sp. A162
Tetraponera anthracina [65] Pheidole sp. A 270
Tetraponera ophthalmica [7] Plagiolepis brunni [#]

Platythyrea gracillima

Polyrhachis decemdentata [23][#]

Polyrhachis laboriosa [19][#]

Polyrhachis militaris [20]

Pristomyrmex orbiceps (sp A)

Pyramica (Serrastruma) lotti

Pyramica (Epitritus) roomi

Pyramica (Serrastruma) serrula

Pyramica (Glamyromyrmex) tetragnatha (sp F)

Pyramica (Smithistruma) emarginata (?sp C)

Pyramica (Smithistruma) hensekta (?sp F)

Strumigenys petiolata (sp 1)

Tapinoma melanocephalum [#]

Tapinoma sp A273

Tapinoma sp A54

Tapinoma sp A94

Technomyrmex albipes [1]

Technomyrmex sp A

Technomyrmex sp A/

Technomyrmex sp C

Technomyrmex sp D

Terataner velatus (sp B) [3]

Tetramorium aculeatus (Macromischoides) [19][#]

Tetramorium calinum (Xiphomyrmex sp H)

Tetramorium flavithorax (Xiphomyrmex)

Tetramorium guineense [1]

Tetramorium jugatum (sp I)

Tetramorium minimum (Triglyphothrix sp G)

Tetramorium sericeiventre

Tetramorium zambezium (sp M)

Tetramorium sp L

Tetramorium sp S

Tetramorium sp A15

Tetramorium sp A205

Tetramorium sp 37

Tetraponera anthracina [31][#]

Tetraponera ophthalmica [11][#]

Canopy others

Anochetus pellucidus (Odontomachus) [6]

Anochetus sp I [3]

Atopomyrmex mocquerysi [15 + 3][#]

Camponotus conradti [6]

Camponotus chrysurus [19 + 1][#]

Camponotus flavomarginatus [12][#]

Camponotus foraminosus [1]

Camponotus nr foraminosus [1]

Camponotus melanocnemis [1]

Camponotus sp 91 [#]

Cataulacus sp M [1]

Cerapachys sp F (Phyracaces) [1]

Crematogaster wellmani (boxi) [5]

Crematogaster buchneri [13]

Crematogaster clariventris [35][#]

Crematogaster depressa [1 + 1]

Crematogaster ? gabonensis [#]

Crematogaster stadelmanni [1 + 1]

Crematogaster striatula [35][#]

Crematogaster sp 97 [#]

Crematogaster sp A269 [1+1]

Lepisiota capensis (Acantholepis) [6]

Lepisiota sp 5 (Acantholepis) [#]

Leptothorax angulatus (sp A) [5]

Leptothorax grisoni (sp B) [1]

Monomorium pharaonis [#]

Monomorium sp 18 [#]

Monomorium sp 44 [#]

Monomorium sp 53 [#]

Monomorium sp 80 [#]

Monomorium sp B [5]

Monomorium sp A264 [1]

Oecophylla longinoda [34][#]

Paratrechina sp 56 [#]

Phasmomyrmex paradoxus (polyrhachoides) [9]

Pheidole sp 13 [#]

Pheidole sp 60 [#]

Pheidole sp 84 [#]

Pheidole sp 90 [#]

Plagiolepis sp 61 [#]

Plagiolepis sp 89 [#]

Platythyrea conradti [26]

Platythyrea frontalis [14]

Polyrhachis fissa [1][#]

Polyrhachis revoili [13][#]

Polyrhachis sp B [1]

Polyrhachis sp H [1]

Polyrhachis sp A231 [1]

Polyrhachis sp A233 [1]

Polyrhachis sp A268 [1]

Pyramica (Serrastruma) lujae [#]

Rhoptromyrmex sp 48 [#]

Tapinoma sp 3 [#]

Tapinoma sp 40 [#]

Tapinoma sp 63 [#]

Terataner piceus sp A [2]

Terataner velatus sp 37 [#]

Tetramorium quadridentatum sp K [1]

Tetramorium sp 15 [#]

Tetramorium sp 41 [#]

Tetramorium sp 52 [#]

Tetramorium sp 63 [#]

Tetraponera sp B [1]

Bolton (1980) listed findings of Tetramorium species by Majer at Kade as including amentete, browni and guineense. These were given by Majer (1975) as, Tetramorium sp. 37 [S]; Tetramorium sp. A [1]; and, Tetramorium sp. B [2] but are not separable from Bolton's paper. Also in Majer was - "Small Dolichoderine" [8].

The Tetramorium forms listed by Room (1971) ought to have been readily identifiable from Bolton (1980) but that was not the case. The same applies to the Monomorium (Bolton, 1987) and Polyrhachis forms (Bolton, 1973b).

See also Ghana - 4 for Majer's work and Ghana - 3 for Room's work
2003 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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