The Ants of Africa
Genus Monomorium
Monomorium areniphilum Santschi


Monomorium areniphilum Santschi

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return to listIran list{link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Tunisia (Monomorium salomonis L. varn areniphilum n. var., Santschi, 1911f: 84, worker; Emery, 1915e: 378, queen) - see below.
Worker only described (see Bolton, 1987, 1995) .

With a fresh specimen from Egypt, Mostafa Sharaf and I have separated Monomorium pullulum Santschi to full species status. Similarly I have separated Monomorium lepineyi.

{Monomorium areniphilum}Santschi's (1911f) brief description is at {original description}. Santschi's (1919b) description of pullula is at {original description}. Santschi's (1934b) further note on pullula and description of lepineyi is at {original description}. Santschi (1936a: 50) reviewed the species, this is at {original description}.

Emery (1915e) described the queen, associated with workers from Cussabat, Libya, as: TL 5.6 mm, gaster 2.8, head 1.i X 0,75, Alitrunk 1.4 X 0.5, postpetiole width 0.35; body black, opaque; mandibles, antennae and legs reddish-brown; otherwise as the worker but more elongated.

{Monomorium areniphilum}Bolton's modern description (1987) is at {original description}.

WORKER - Diagnosis as in key; TL 3.1-4.3 mm (in Bolton, 1987: 336, illustrated head and alitrunk profile, full-face view).

Clearly a north African Sahel savannah species, as range includes Mali and Niger, plus northern Sahara locations.

Fresh specimens - Worker description:
Mandibles smooth; clypeus narrowing sharply posteriorly and leading to narrow area between the antennal carinae; pronotum highly domed with a steep anterior face; s propodeum without a longitudinal impression; petiole node moderately high and with a broad apex in profile; head finely spiculate with distinct minute hair pits
TL ca 3.3 mm, HL 0.85, HW 0.71, CI 88, SL 0.80, SI 112, PW 0.43; eye length 0.35 X HW

Monomorium areniphilumThe photomontage of a worker from Kebili, Tunisia, among those listed by Santschi (1911f), is collated from

Oxford University Museum specimens

{Monomorium areniphilum}The photomontage is of a worker from Tunisia; collector Thomas Stalling.

{Monomorium areniphilum}The photomontage is of a worker from Niger, Niamey, 13.31.33 N 02.04.22 E; 14.ii.2008; garden in city, nest in soil with multiple entrances; collector David King, matching the type description.

{Monomorium areniphilum lepineyi} lepineyi form

{Monomorium areniphilum}The photomontage is of a specimen from Sudan, Khor Tagat, collector Awatif Omer, 2006; apparently matching the lepineyi form described by Santschi (1934b).
TL ca 3.3 mm, HL 0.92, HW 0.83, CI 90, SL 0.83, SI 100, PW 0.48; eye length 0.31 X HW

{Monomorium areniphilum}The photomontage is collated from

Collection Information: Specimen Code CASENT0010990; Locality Sudan: Salom, Red Sea Coast; 1922'38"N 03706'35"E; Collection codes: ANTC3715; Date: 15 Dec 2003; Collected by: H. Eriksson; Habitat: cultivated area, irrigated area
2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.