The Ants of Africa
Genus Monomorium
Monomorium subopacum (F Smith)

subopacum-complex

Monomorium subopacum (F Smith)

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return to listIran list {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Madeira (51. Myrmica subopaca, F Smith, 1858b: 127, worker & queen; note the prior name is 45. Myrmica glyciphila, see below,  Bolton, 1987: 360, has "rejected as prior name based on pagination, on the first reviser principle"), collector T V Wollaston - see below.
subspecies
adoneum (Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum Sm., v. adoneum n. v., Santschi, 1936a: 41, illustrated, worker) from Lebanon, Djbeil or Djbla, ancient Byblos, collector Santschi - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0913858
apuleii (Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum Sm., v. apuleii n. var., Santschi, 1927d: 243, all forms) from Tunisia, Hammamat, collector Santschi - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0913859
ebraicum
(Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum var. ebraicum n. var., Menozzi, 1933b; 62, worker & male) from Israel - see below
planidorsum (Monomorium salomonis F., subsp. planidorsa n., Emery, 1915e: 378, worker, stirps of subopacum Santschi, 1927d: 244) from Tunisia, Cussabat - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0904597
junior synonyms
mediterraneum (Monomorium mediterraneum, Mayr, 1861: 72, in key, worker & queen; Santschi, 1936a: 40, male, synonymy Santschi, 1927d: 241) from southern Spain - see https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0916009
obscuripes (Pharacota cabrerae st oscuripes, Santschi, 1921b: 424, male; Santschi, 1927d: 241, worker & queen, also synonymy) from Canary Is - see (fragmented queen) https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0010821
italica (Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum F Smith ssp. italica n. ssp., Baroni Urbani, 1964c: 154, illustrated, worker; synonymy Baroni Urbani, 1968b: 450) from Italy- no images on Antweb (February 2015)
cabrerae (Paraphacota Cabrerai n.sp., Santschi, 1919g: 405, illustrated, male; Santschi, 1927d: 242, worker & queen, also synonymy) from Canary Is - see (male) https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0010820
glyciphila (45. Myrmica glyciphila, F Smith, 1858b: 125, worker; see above note on rejection as prior name) from Sri Lanka - see https://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0010950
liberta (Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) Salomonis L. st. subopacum Sm., v. liberta, n. var., Santschi, 1921e: 170; Santschi, 1927d: 243, worker) from Senegal, St Louis, collector Claveau - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0913857
surcoufi (Pharacota surcoufi, Santschi, 1919d: 90, illustrated, male; Santschi, 1927d: 243, worker & queen) from Algeria, Biskra - see male at http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?name=casent0010881;
unavailable names
senegalensis (Monomorium Salomonis L. st. subopacum Sm. v. senegalensis n. var., Santschi, 1913c: 306, worker) from Senegal - no images on Antweb (February 2015)
intermedium (Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis subsp. subopacum var. intermedium var. nov. Wheeler, 1927g: 108;  Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum Sm., v. intermedium (Wheeler), Santschi, 1927d: 242, worker) from Canary Is, Palma, Barranco de las Augustias, collector W M Wheeler - - no images on Antweb (February 2015)
all forms known (see Bolton, 1995) .


{Monomorium subopacum}Monomorium subopacumSmith's (1858b) description is at {original description}. Smith's (1858b) description of glyciphila is at {original description}. Mayr's (1861) description of mediterraneum is at {original description}. Arnold (1916: 224) gave a fuller description and transcription is at {original description}. Bondroit (1918: 143) gave an illustrated fuller description, this is at {original description}. Santschi's (1913c) description of senegalensis is at {original description}. Santschi's (1921e) description of liberta is at {original description} Note the latter two suggest Santschi twice described the same specimens. Emery's (1915e) description of planidorsum is at {original description}.Santschi's (1919d) description of the surcoufi male is at {original description}. Santschi's (1921b) description of the obscuripes male is at {original description} Santschi (1927d) reviewed subopacum - see {original description}. Wheeler (1927g) simply regarded intermedium as with coarser puncturate sculpture than the type form salomonis but finer than the stirps subopacum, which he also had collected on the Canary Is. Menozzi's (1936a) description of ebraicum is at {original description}. Santschi's (1936a) description of adoneum is at {original description}. Baroni Urbani's (1964c) description of italica is at {original description}. Bolton's modern description (1987) is at {original description}.


{Monomorium subopacum - salomonis comparison}WORKER - TL 3.1-3.4 mm (in Bolton, 1987: 360, not illustrated).

Arnold (1916) recorded finding it at Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.


{Monomorium subopacum}The photomontage is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0010949


Oxford University Museum specimens

Monomorium subopacum
B Taylor det.
Egypt
M Sharaf


24.iv.2003
Gebel Asfar
3013' N
3129' E

4
{album}
Monomorium subopacum
B Taylor det.
Egypt
M Sharaf

7.v.2003
Zaranik
3039' N
3426' E

1

Monomorium subopacum
B Taylor det.
Egypt
M Sharaf

27.viii.2003
Taifa
3056' N
3121' E
Kafr Sheik
1

Monomorium subopacum
B Taylor det.
Sudan
Z Mahmoud
2009-63

7.i.2008
Shada
2008'32.11" N
3015'3.37" E
Hand collected
1
{album}

{Monomorium subopacum}

The photomontage is of a worker collected in Sudan, Shada; collector Zuheir Mahmoud (Sudan 63).

First country record


{Monomorium subopacum}The photomontage is of workers (12 specimens) from Egypt, Gebel Asfar; collector Mostafa Sharaf - colour appears similar to apulei - see link above.. 


{Monomorium subopacum worker}The photomontage of a worker from Reunion is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0064820


{Monomorium subopacum ebraicum}The photomontage of a cotype of ebraicum is collated from The Smithsonian Institute images at http://ripley.si.edu/ent/nmnhtypedb/public/specimeninfopage.cfm?publicconsumption=1&typespecimenID=952


{Monomorium subopacum male}The photomontage of the obscuripes male is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0010823


{Monomorium subopacum male}The photomontage of the cabrerae male is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0010820

Contents
2007, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2017, 2018 - Brian Taylor CBiol FRSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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