Bothroponera pumicosa (Roger)
Type location South
Africa (Ponera pumicosa n. sp., Roger, 1860: 290, worker;
1901f: 344, male, as Pachycondyla (Bothroponea) pumicosa; in Bothroponera, Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 76) Kafferland; no images on Antweb (June 2014)
sculpturata (Pachycondyla (Bothroponea)
sculpturata n. sp., Santschi, 1912b: 151, queen; reduced to variety
of pumicosa by Wheeler, 1922: 772; given as a subspecies in
Bolton, 1995: 308) from Zimbabwe, Demarchi
all forms described .
Roger's (1860) description is at . Arnold (1915) gave a translation, this is
at . Forel's (1901f)
description of the male is at .
Santschi's (1912b) description of sculpturata is at .
WORKER - Head, thorax, petiole and postpetiole coarsely
punctate, punctate-rugulose or striated; but mandibles smooth, sparsely
punctate; petiolar node truncated behind; gaster more or less shining.
Wheeler (1922) listed it also from Cameroun (Mundame,
L. Conradt), plus several southern Africa locations.
There is a puzzle here. Roger (1860) gave the size of
the worker as TL 10.5 mm. In Arnold (1915) the size is given as 12-13
mm. From the scale, the specimen shown below is about the Roger size,
so it seems reasonable to assume Roger's size was about right.
As for the status of sculpturata, Santschi
(1912b) whose descriptions, in this case quite complete, were usually
sound, notes a number of apparently significant differences to pumicosa.
Santschi remarks on the shape of the clypeus and sculpturation of the
gaster as easily separating the species. His description also has the
queen as with densely and entirely striated mandibles (shown in the type images, below).
descriptions and the photomontage worker the mandibles are smooth and
shining in pumicosa. Curiously, Arnold (1915: & 1952a: 460)
in dealing with Bothroponera species, in the later paper he
treats this as a genus, never mentioned sculpturata. Wheeler
(1922: 772) is a listing in his catalogue of African ants and there is
no evidence that he actually examined material other than the Congo
expedition ants. In his introduction to the catalogue, he refers to Dr.
Bequaert as doing much of the work and literature search (Wheeler,
1922: 711) . Moreover, Wheeler listed "var. berthoudi (Forel)"
under pumicosa but that now is placed under Pachycondyla
photomontage of the type sculpturata
queen is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0915469.
photomontage is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=sam-hym-c000154a
South Africa: Cape Province; Burntkraal, nr
Grahamstown; 33°17'00"S 026°29'00"E 647m
Collection Information: Collection codes: SAM-HYM-C000154 Date: 21 May
Collected by: H.G.Robertson Method: turning over rocks
Habitat: karoo: false