The Ants of Africa
Genus Pheidole
Pheidole aeberlii Forel

variolosa-group - head with restricted frontal striations and parallel-sided

Pheidole aeberlii Forel

return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Senegal (Pheidole Aeberlii, n. spec., Forel, 1894b: 91, major, minor & male) collected in "Upper Senegal" - see below; major, minor & male described (see Bolton, 1995) .


{Pheidole aeberlii}Forel's (1894b) description is at {original description}.

Note: With fresh specimens, I have raised the former variety (subspecies of Bolton, 1995) Pheidole erythraea to full species status. For distinguishing characters see that species page and the keys.

Wheeler (1922) listed a second Senegal finding at Thiès (F. Silvestri) and noted it from Sudan (Omdurman, I Trägårdh). The latter perhaps was P. erythraea.

Clearly a savannah species.

Santschi (1930a: 61), described Pheidole andrieui by comparison with aeberlii and gave a drawing of the heads of the major and minor workers worker (right).


Pheidole aeberlii majorThe photomontage of the type major worker is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casentcasent0907803.

Although this and the minor below are labelled aeberlii the major head does not match the Santschi illustration, although the minor is similar. Forel gave the major colour as reddish-brown (yellowish-brownish) with the gaster, scape and femora dark brown.  In his description of the smaller Pheidole aeberlii var. erythraea (which I have separated as P. erythraea), Emery (1901a: 61), noting advice from Forel, had the propodeal spines as acute (obtuse in the type).


{Pheidole aeberlii minor}The photomontage of a syntype minor worker is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0907804. This appears to match the Forel description, including colour brown, alitrunk reddish brown, antennae, mandibles and legs yellowish-brown.


{Pheidole speculifera} Wheeler (1922: ) gave the drawing (right) of "speculifera" but no details other than the size of the major in the drawing as being smaller (TL ca 6 mm) than cubangensis (TL 7 mm). With the type images of both aerberlii (above) and P. speculifera, the Wheeler drawing clearly is aeberlii.


Oxford University Museum specimens

Pheidole aeberlii
B Taylor det.
Senegal
Lamine Diamé
11
22.vi.2012
Thiés
14°58'N
17°00'W
Noto
V 40
minor worker
tube 03
1
{album}
Pheidole aeberlii
B Taylor det.
Cameroun
A Fotso Kuate
Pheidole speculifera
9.v.2007
Awae II
03°54'30" N
11°25'58" E
Tuna bait in fallow
Major
1
{album}

{Pheidole aeberlii major}The photomontage is of a major from Cameroun; Awae II; collector A Fotso Kuate (fk pheidole speculifera). Morphologically a near exact match for the Wheeler drawing (above)


{Pheidole aeberlii minor}The photomontage is of a worker from Senegal; Thiés; 22.vi.2012; collector Lamine Diamé (11).

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© 2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2013, 2014 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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