The Ants of Africa
Genus Plagiolepis
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea (Latreille)

Plagiolepis Mayr sensu stricto

Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea (Latreille)

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return to listIran list {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location France (Formica pygmaea, Latreille, 1798: 45, worker & queen; Schenck, 1852: 69, male) - no images on Antweb (December 2014)
subspecies
bulawayensis (Plagiolepis pygmaea Latreille var. bulawayensis n. v., Arnold, 1922: 601, worker & queen) from Zimbabwe, Bulawayo - see below
mima (Plagiolepis pygmaea Latreille var. mima n. v., Arnold, 1922: 602, worker) from Zimbabwe, Hillside, Bulawayo, G Arnold

minu (Plagiolepis pygmaea Latr. v. Minu n. var., Forel, 1911d: 350, worker) from Greece- see below
worker and queen only known (see Bolton, 1995) .


{Plagiolepis pygmaea} Latreille (1802c: 183) reiterated his description, this is at {original description}. Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau (1835: 195) gave a description, this is at {original description}. Arnold (1922: 600 ff), citing Latreille's (1798) description, gave a full description; that plus his descriptions of bulawayensis and mima is at {original description}. Santschi (1920g) made a study of pygmaea and its close relatives; the pygmaea description is at {original description}. Emery (1921d) made a study of the pygmaea group of Mediterranean species; this is at - {short description of image}. Presumably, it post-dated Arnold's (1922) work on Plagiolepis species. Emery regarded pygmaea as the species from around the Mediterranean and a group from South Africa. It seems possible that more precise study would lead to both bulawayensis and mima being raised to full species status.

Karavaiev (1931a: 309ff) considered pygmaea specimens from Palermo, Sicily, and what now is the species taurica (Plagiolepis maura var taurica, Santschi, 1920g: 171, worker; raised to species Radchenko, 1989b: 155) from Ukraine. Karavaiev's text is at {original description}.

Forel (1911d) separation of minu was, TL 1.7-2.3 mm; more robust than the type; head distinctly wider than long, widely impressed behind; alitrunk also more robust; head brown, slightly reddish-brown; alitrunk reddish with the top of the pronotum and propodeuam brownish; gaster brown, appendages reddish, middle of femora, tibiae and antennal club brownish; pubescence and pilosity as type.

Specimens from the type collections of bulawayensis and mima are shown at the bottom of this page.  Whereas bulawayensis appears close to the dark form from the Mediterranean area, minu clearly is either a separate species or a form of one of the other African species.


{Plagiolepis pygmaea} {Plagiolepis pygmaea} {Plagiolepis pygmaea alitrunk}


{Plagiolepis pygmaea antenna} {Plagiolepis pygmaea}

Oxford University Museum specimens

Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.

Egypt
M Sharaf


6.iii.2003
Zaranik
3039' N
3426' E
North Sinai
1
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Portugal
M Eichhorn

8.iv.2008
Lisbon
3838'8" N
911'30" W
heavily degraded scrubland,
dominated by Acacia dealbata, Cistus salvifolius and Pistacia lenticularis, and were foraging on the Acacia.
The site is south of Lisbon, approximately 5km inland
2
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Spain
X Espadaler

27.x.2008
Barcelona
41.3833333 N
2.1833333 W
Sant Celoni
5

Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
Torabi
23
28.vi.2014
29.62972N
52.52677E
1562 m
Azadi Park, Shiraz
hand collected
park, soil
20:.20 h
2
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
Torabi
24
08.v.2014
29.63515N
52.52568E
1599 m
Eram Garden, Shiraz
hand collected
garden, soil
12:53 h
2
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
R Afshari
33
13.vii.2015
31.42N
51.48E
2527 m
Ghale Ghadam, Semirom, Isfahan
hand collected
field, on ground
1420h
1
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
F Borjali
14
29.iv.2014
373661 N
498594 E
47 m
Lasht-e Nesha
hand collected
park, on soil, 1530h
1
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
F Borjali
15
4.ix.2014
371676 N
494924 E
2 m
Chuchesfahan
hand collected
city, on soil, 1445h
1
{album}
Plagiolepis (Plagiolepis) pygmaea
B Taylor det.
Iran
F Borjali
16
17.vii.2014
372294 N
502539 E
-25 m
Chaf & Chamkala
hand collected
beach, on ground, 1600h
1
{album}

{Plagiolepis pygmaea}The photomontage is of a specimen from Egypt, Abumadi Zaranik, North Sinai, 3426' E, 3039' N, collected by Mostafa Sharaf, 6.iii.2003


{Plagiolepis pygmaea}The photomontage is of a specimen from Iran, Azadi Park, Shiraz, collected by Roshanak Torabi (23).


{Plagiolepis pygmaea}}The photomontage is of specimens from Portugal, collected on 8.iv.2008 in heavily degraded scrubland, dominated by Acacia dealbata, Cistus salvifolius and Pistacia lenticularis, foraging on the Acacia. The site is south of Lisbon, approximately 5km inland, at W 911'30", N 38,38',8", collector Markus Eichhorn and students.


{Plagiolepis pygmaea}The photomontage is of a worker from Mallorca, the original can be seen on the WWW.hormigas.org website, and shows the dark colour of the southern European pygmaea.


{Plagiolepis pygmaea bulawayensis}The photomontage of a syntype worker of bulawayensis is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0903145


{Plagiolepis pygmaea minu}The photomontage of the type worker of minu is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0909856

Contents
2007, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 - Brian Taylor CBiol FRSB FRES
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