|The Ants of
|Contents - Proceratiinae - PROCERATIINAE Introduction|
In Tribe PROCERATIINI.
Diagnostic Features - Tergite of second gastral tergite strongly vaulted so that the remaining segments point anteriorly. Alitrunk devoid of sutures. Mandibles with three or more teeth, not overhung by the clypeus. Apical segment of the antenna moderately enlarged but not bulbous. Roger's (1863a) genus definition is at . Proceratium, junior synonym Sysphincta (Brown, in Borgmeier, 1957: 118).
Bolton (1973a) mentions a single, unnamed, West African species, known only from rotten wood in Ghana. Members elsewhere normally prey on the eggs of arthropods (Hölldobler and Wilson (1990, pages 224, 565).
The genus was revised by Baroni Urbane & De Andrade (2003). The parts relevant to species known from sub-Saharan Africa are at, pp 59-62, . and, pp 282-305, . Unfortunately, the illustrations they gave were mostly monochrome SEM images and have not scanned well [Baroni Urbani, C. and M. L. De Andrade. 2003. The ant genus Proceratium in the extant and fossil record (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Monografie, 36, 1-480]
Key to Afrotropical species, developed from Terron (1981) - .
|1||Clypeus projecting forwards of the frontal carinae, with the anterior border notched; TL 2.7 mm; overall coarsely and regularly punctate; covered with dense golden pubescence, particularly visible on second gastral segment; black, appendages and clypeus brown||.|
|<.||Ghana - boltoni|
|--||Clypeus in dorsal view not or only slightly projecting forwards of the frontal carinae, border entire||2|
|2||Eyes well developed with 8 or 25 ommatidia||3|
|--||Eyes with no more than one ommatidia or absent||4|
|3||Eyes well developed with about 25 ommatidia, also a well developed median ocellus; TL ca 3 mm; sculpturation of head granulose, similar but finer on the alitrunk and gaster, latter weakly shiny; overall covered with minute whitish pubescence; ferruginous, region of ocelli browner, propodeal margins black; seemingly Baroni Urbani and De Andrade||Kenya - toschii|
|--||Eyes with about 8 ommatidia but no obvious ocelli; integumental foveae small, gaster with superficial sculpture||Burundi - burundense|
|4||Eyes absent; second segment of gaster shorter than the first; TL 2.3 mm; overall sculpturation dense fine puncturation; pubescence reduced and whitish; yellow red||.|
|.||as coecum in Terron key - Cameroun - terroni|
|--||Eyes reduced but visible||5|
|5||With no more than superficial foveae; apex of frontal carinae rounded; second segment of gaster about 1.2 X longer than first; TL 3 mm; reddish-yellow, margins of frontal carinae and propodeal teeth piceous; covered all over with dense yellowish-white pubescence, longest on the gaster||Zimbabwe - arnoldi|
|--||Foveae all deep; second segment of gaster about the same length as the first; apex of frontal carinae angular; dark yellow-brown, appendages and apex of gaster yellower; integumental foveae large & deep, gaster with deep sculpture||.|
|.||Cameroun - lunatum|
© 2007, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014 - Brian Taylor CBiol
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