Pyramica (Serrastruma) ludovici (Forel)
Type location Madagascar
(Strumigenys ludovici sp. nov., Forel, 1904b: 369, worker) - see
Alluaudi n. sp., Santschi, 1911c: 360, worker & queen)
from Tanzania - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0912834;
and its junior synonym rothkirchi
(Strumigenys Rothkirchi nov.
spec., Wassmann, 1918b: 142, illustrated) from Cameroun, Soppo,
N. von Rothkirch, 1912 - http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0912836
lotti (Strumigenys (Cephaloxys) escherichi
Forel, lotti, subsp. nov., Weber,
1943c: 378, illustrated,
worker & queen) from South Sudan, Lotti Forest, Imatong
Mts, 5.viii.1939, N A Weber - see http://www.antweb.org/specimenImages.do?code=casent0900066
nigeriensis (Strumigenys (Trichoscapa) Alluaudi
Sants. stirps nigeriensis n. st.,
Santschi, 1914d: 376) from Nigeria, Olokemeji,
F. Silvestri, 1913 - see below.
(see Bolton, 1983,
Forel's (1904b) description is at . Santschi's (1911c) description of alluaudi
is at . Santschi's (1914d)
description of nigeriensis is at . Wasmann's (1918b)
description of rothkirchi is at . Weber's (1943c)
description of lotti is at . Bolton's modern description (1983: 343,
illustrated) is at .
specimen (as Serrastruma lotti,
Taylor, 1979: 45). WORKER. TL 1.90 mm, HL 0.48, HW 0.39, SL 0.34, PW
Head with reticulate sculpture. Erect hairs generally rather sparse,
moderately long and clavate, there is a pair of long slender sinuate
hairs at the humeral angles of the pronotum and on the dorsum of the
head above the eyes. Pronotum smooth except for a distinct longitudinal
mid-dorsal carina. Mesonotum and propodeum spiculate, as is the
pedicel. Gaster shiny, base of first gastral tergite with longitudinal
TL 1.9-3.0 mm; the enlarged basal denticles on the mandible are
strongly diagnostic, but note the variability of pronotal
sculpturation, ranging from almost smooth to strongly sculptured and/or
I collected it from rotten wood on the ground and from a dead tree
branch at the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Idi Ayunre, Onipe
Block; also nesting under dead wood bark on cocoa at Itamerin (neither
record was noted by Bolton, 1983). See the nigeriensis images below, which
Found throughout sub-Saharan Africa, plus Madagascar and
Mauritius. Pictured in Hölldobler & Wilson (1990, page 121), titled
from "tropical Africa" (Bolton, 1983).
In Ghana listed by Bolton (1983) from Mampong
(D. Leston), CRIG (D. Leston; B. Bolton), Mt. Atewa (C.A. Collingwood)
and Kade (W.H. Gotwald & R. Schaefer). As S. lotti, found
in leaf litter, on the ground and nesting in dead wood on the ground at
the Mampong Cemetery farm in Ghana (Room, 1971). Collected from leaf
litter in the semi-deciduous forest zone, a total of 20 workers, under
cocoa at Nankasi, primary or secondary forest at Jachie, Kade and Atewa
Forest Reserve, by Belshaw & Bolton (1994b).
Nigeria other records include the Silvestri
collection, at Olokemeji, and CRIN (B. Bolton).
From Ivory Coast, at Agboville, Yapo Forest (I.
Löbl), Anguédédou Forest (W.L. Brown), Banco Forest (I. Löbl; W.L.
Brown), Divo (L. Brader), Issoneu (V. Mahnert & J.-L. Perret),
Lamto (W.H. Gotwald & R. Schaefer), Man (I. Löbl; V. Mahnert &
J.-L. Perret), Yapo Forest, and Sangrobo (W.L. & D.E. Brown) and
Sassandra (I. Löbl).
Other West African records are from Guinea-Bissau,
at Rio Cassine (L. Fea, perhaps in 1901); Togo, at Palimé,
Klouto Forest (Vit); and Cameroun, at Korup and Nko'emvon (D.A.
Jackson), and near Yaoundé (G. Terron).
Bernard (1952) reported an alate queen from Guinea,
Mt. Nimba, Crest of Nion, 1300 m; which he felt was close to alluaudi
Santschi, from Niger and Kilimanjaro, but, as the queens were badly
known in the group, he thought description would be premature.
photomontage is of the type worker is collated from - http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0101645
photomontage is of the nigeriensis type worker is collated from
Oxford University Museum
B Taylor det.
|Ngabe, Région de Pool
collected by sweep netting (fauchage)
B Taylor det.
|Leaf litter, winkler
photomontage is of a worker from Gabon, Pongara National
Yves Braet (Gabon 224)
of a worker from Congo, Dzio-Dzio, Ngabe, Région de
Pool; collector Yves Braet.