The Ants of Africa
Genus Solenopsis
Solenopsis globularia (F. Smith)

Solenopsis globularia (F. Smith)

return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Brazil (Myrmica globularia, Smith, 1858b: 131; all forms; in Solenopsis Roger, 1863b: 32) - see below
subspecies
desecheoensis (Solenopsis globularia F. Smith desecheoensis new variety, Mann, 1920: 428, worker) from Puerto Rico, Desecheo Is., F.J. Lutz - see below
littoralis (Solenopsis (Euophthalma) globularia subsp. desecheoensis, Creighton, 1930b: 113, illustrated, all forms) from USA [junior synonym mobilensis (Solenopsis globularia subsp.mobilensis, M R Smith, 1931a: 20, worker) from USA]
lucayensis (Solenopsis globularia subsp.lucayensis, Wheeler, 1908a: 131, illustrated, worker; unavailable in HNS) from Bahamas - no images on Antweb (October 2014)
pacifica (Solenopsis globularia subsp. pacifica, Wheeler, 1919c: 273, worker & male, unavailable in HNS; Wheeler, 1924a: 108, queen) from Galapagos Is. - no images on Antweb (October 2014)
stenheili (Solenopsis steinheili, Forel, 1881: 11, worker) from Antilles Is. [junior synonyms borinquenensis (Solenopsis globularia var. borinquenensis, Wheeler, 1908a: 131, illustrated, worker; unavailable in HNS) from Puerto Rico - no images on Antweb (October 2014)
cubaensis (Solenopsis globularia (F. Smith) var cubaensis, var. nov., Wheeler, 1913b: 493, worker) from Cuba - no images on Antweb (October 2014)
all forms described (see Bolton, 1995) .


{Solenopsis globularia}F Smith's (1858b) description is at {original description}. Forel's (1881) description of steinheili is at {original description}. Wheeler's (1913b) description of cubaensis is at {original description}. A comprehensive illustrated review was provided by Creighton (1930b: 108 ff), this, including his description of littoralis is at {original description}.

Although Creighton (1930b: 111) appears to distinguish between minor workers, TL 1.7 mm, and major workers, TL 2.0 mm, there does not appear to be any structural difference, such as in S. geminata.

The specimens shown at the bottom of this page were collected in Congo, Brazzaville, by pitfall trapping, by Yves Braet & Eric Zassi, 2007, and appear to be the first instance of this species anywhere outside the Americas. The dark colour is shared with the subspecies recorded primarily from the Caribbean area. The very distinctive wide postpetiole and other features separate the species from all other described Solenopsis, let alone from any known from Africa.


{Solenopsis globularia}The photomontage is of a syntype worker collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0902338.


{Solenopsis globularia}The photomontage is of a type form worker collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent0104814.


{Solenopsis globularia cubaensis}The photomontage is of a cotype of cubaensis from the MCZ collection. In his description, Wheeler (1913b) had - "Solenopsis globularia (F. Smith) var cubaėnsis, var. nov. - the body being black, with the ventral portions of the head, thorax and pedicel, the clypeus, mandibles and anterior border of the head, the antennae, legs, sutures of the thorax, and apical margins of the gastric segments brownish yellow".


{Solenopsis globularia desecheoensis}The photomontage is of a cotype of desechoensis from the MCZ collection. In his brief original description, Mann (1920b: 428) had - "Solenopsis globularia F. Smith desecheoensis, new variety. Two workers, collected by Frank E. Lutz, given to me by Prof. Wheeler belong to an undescribed variety of globularia, differing from the typical form and the variety borinquenensis Wheeler in color. The head and body are jet black, with the antennae and legs yellowish brown. Desecheo Island, Porto Rico." The oriiginal images on the MCZ website are very yellow in overall tone and I have applied an artificial correction to achieve what seems to be nearer to the Mann description, noting that Creighton (1930b) gives it as a "deep piceous brown".


Oxford University Museum specimens

Solenopsis globularia
B Taylor det.
Congo
Y Braet
t-1-2

19.viii.2007
Brazzaville
4° 15' 33" S
15° 17' 5" E
24h pitfall trap; forest around the GERDIB laboratories; 317 m asl
2
{album}
Solenopsis globularia
B Taylor det.
Congo
Y Braet
t-1-10
19.viii.2007
Brazzaville
4° 15' 33" S
15° 17' 5" E
24h pitfall trap; in a domestic garden near the GERDIB laboratories; 317 m asl
4
{album}

{Solenopsis globularia}The photomontage is of a minor worker from Congo, Brazzaville; collectors Yves Braet & Eric Zassi (t 1.2). This and the second worker shown below are a little larger than the Smith paratype (above).


{Solenopsis globularia}The photomontage is of a minor worker from Congo, Brazzaville; collectors Yves Braet & Eric Zassi (t 1.11).

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© 2008, 2009, 2013, 2014 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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