Tapinoma schultzei (Forel)
Type location Botswana
(Semonius schultzei n. sp., Forel, 1910f: 21, worker;
Santschi, 1914b: 120, male; Arnold, 1915: 158, queen; in Tapinoma by Shattuck, 1992c: 152)
Khakea, Kalahari, L Schultze
described (see Bolton, 1995) .
(1910f) description is at .
Santschi's (1914b) illustrated description of the sexual forms is at .
Arnold's (1915) illustrated descriptions are at .
Arnold (1915: 157, illustrated) had the following
"WORKER - TL 1.8-2 mm. Black or brownish, dull or only very slightly
shining. Pubescence greyish, dense and microscopic; a few pilose hairs
on the clypeus. Microscopically and closely punctured. Head one-fifth
longer than wide, the sides moderately convex, the hind angles strongly
rounded, the posterior margin almost straight. The anterior margin of
the clypeus is straight or nearly so. The frontal carinae rounded, very
short, nearer to the eyes than they are to each other. Eyes moderately
large, flat, situated in front of the middle. Mandibles smooth and
shining, with a few small punctures, feebly dentate. The scape reaches
back as far as the posterior fourth of the head; all the joints of the
funiculus, except the 1st and last, wider than long, the last three
joints form a slight club. Thorax shorter and much narrower than the
head, distinctly convex longitudinally. Thoracic sutures distinct.
Pronotum one-third wider than long, sloping steeply in its anterior
half. Mesonotum wider in front than behind, one-third wider than long.
The dorsum of the propodeum is as wide as the mesonotum, and is not
clearly delimited from the very oblique declivity; the whole propodeum
is a little longer than the mesonotum. Petiole flattened, acuminate at
the base, widest below the middle. Gaster ovate, overhanging the
petiole. Legs short, all the femora, rather broad.
Zimbabwe (S. Rhodesia), fairly common. Kalahari (Schultze). Durban
This is a timid and quick ant, living on trees and nesting under the
bark. When disturbed, it emits from the anal glands a white sticky
fluid, which hardens on exposure to the air."