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Tetraponera maculifrons (Santschi)

Tetraponera maculifrons (Santschi)

return to key Type location Djibouti (Sima foveolata Mayr stirps maculifrons n. sp., Santschi, 1912b: 162, worker; in Tetraponera, Wheeler, 1922: 797) collected at Obock - see below
syriaca (Sima bifoveolata var. syriaca,Wheeler & Mann, 1916, 167, worker) from Egypt, collected in Sinai, by W M Mann - see below (not from Antweb)
umbrata (Sima (Tetraponera) bifoveolata stirps maculifrons Sants. v. umbrata n. var., Santschi, 1929c: 98, worker) from Algeria, Tifedest, 1928 - see below
worker only described (see Bolton, 1995) .

Santschi's (1912b) description is at {original description}. Santschi's (1929c) description of umbrata is at {original description}. Wheeler & Mann's (1916) description of syriaca is at {original description}.

Mayr (1895) also noted its collection at Zanzibar, Tanzania. Menozzi (1926a) reported the queen from Somalia, at El Bar El Ellan.
The Wheeler & Mann specimens in the MCZ photograph, assuming the scale is correct, has a TL of over 6 mm; whereas Mayr (1895) gave the type bifoveolata TL as 3.8-4.2 mm; Mayr also noted abundant pubescence on the type bifoveolata and none is obvious on the MCZ syriaca specimen.

Tetraponera maculifronsThe photomontage of the type worker is collated from

The type of Santschi (1929c) who also listed it as from Mali, Koulouba.
It and others are listed by Santschi (Santschi, 1934f). He commented on it solely as a variation from the type Tetraponera bifoveolata. Comparing this worker and the remains of the bifoveolata type there is no obvious difference in morphology. From the evidence of the Tanzania specimens I have, both are the minor morph of the workers. What is constant, however, between the two species is that the bifoveolata specimens all have quite a dense covering of pubescence and more obviously abundant erect hairs.

Tetraponera maculifronsThe photomontage of the umbrata type worker from Algeria (Hoggar/Haggar/Ahaggar Mountains) is collated from


Tetraponera maculifronsThe photomontage of a cotype of syriaca from Egypt is collated from The Smithsonian Institute images at

2006, 2015, 2019 - Brian Taylor CBiol FRSB FRES
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