The Ants of Africa
Genus Tetramorium
Tetramorium lucayanum Wheeler

Tetramorium lucayanum Wheeler

return to group key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Bahamas (Tetramorium lucayanum sp. nov., Wheeler, 1905b: 100, illustrated) Nassau, Queen's Staircase, 2 workers - no images on Antweb (April 2015)
junior synonyms
rectinodis (Tetramorium rectinodis n. sp., Menozzi, 1942: 176, illustrated, worker; provisional synonymy by Brown, 1964b: 131) from Fernando Po I. (Musola, by H. Eidmann, 9.ix.1939 - no images on Antweb (April 2015)
sexdens (Tetramorium lucayanum Wh. v. sexdens n. var., Forel, 1915c: 357, worker; synonymy by Brown, 1964b: 131) from Ireland, in a hothouse in Dublin, sent to Horace Donisthorpe - see below and
waelbroeki (Tetramorium camerunense Mayr var. Waelbroeki n. var., Forel, 1909b: 53, worker; synonymy by Brown, 1964b: 131) from Zare, Kinshasa, by Waelbroek; (see Bolton, 1995) ? type see below.
Santschi (1914d: 367, Fig. 29) gave an illustration of T. camerunense waelbroeki .

{Tetramorium lucayanum}Wheeler's (1905b) description is at {original description}. Forel's (1909b) description of waelbroeki is at {original description}. Forel's (1915c) description of sexdens simlpy had, as agreeing with the description of Wheeler but the mandibles with 6 teeth instead of five. Menozzi's (1942) description of rectinodis is at {original description}. Brown's (1964b) verification of the type and comparison with West African forms is at {original description}, this has a descriptive notes and comparison with Tetramorium camerunense. Bolton's modern descriptions (1979, 1980: 340, illustrated, full-face view, alitrunk and pedicel profile, pedicel dorsum) are at {original description} and {original description}.

{Tetramorium camerunense waelbroeki}Note: There seems to be a disparity between
1. The apparent type form, as described by Wheeler (1905b) - head quadrangular, anterior border of clypeus transverse, erect hairs long and sparse on the body (as illustrated by Santschi, as "Tetramorium camerunense Mayr v. Woelbroecki" from Lagos, Nigeria), including Menozzi's rectinodis, which was described in comparison with Tetramorium fernandensis now synonymised with Tetramorium pullulum; colour black with mandibles, antennae and tarsi brownish. There is a slight anomaly with the Wheeler type description as he had "gaster glabrous", whereas all African specimens have short erect hairs on the gaster.
2. The form illustrated and in the description by Bolton (1979, 1980) - head with more convex sides, smaller eyes and more abundant erect hairs. That, as shown in the lower photomontages, also is brown rather than near black and has finer denser longitudinal rugulation.

Bernard (1952) described it as purely western, from Congo to Ghana. From Guinea, Bernard (1952) he listed findings, as "T. camerounense Mayr variety waelbroecki Forel" from Mt. Nimba - 2 workers from B1.28, Ravin I of Mount T.

Collected in Ghana at CRIG by Bolton (1980) and Akosombo (C. Collingwood), later from cocoa at Kade using pkd by Majer (1975, 1976b), with 3 workers in a single sample; and from leaf litter in the semi-deciduous forest zone (3 specimens, at Poane and Kade under cocoa) (Belshaw & Bolton, 1994b).

Also known from Sierra Leone (Buxton, no location); and Guinea, at T (Lamotte) (Bolton, 1980).

{Tetramorium lucayanum} Type form

Nigeria specimens (Taylor, 1980a: 49). WORKER. TL 2.96 mm, HL 0.72, HW 0.65, CI 90, SL 0.54, SI 81, PW 0.45
Sculpturation of longitudinal rugae on all except the gaster. Erect hairs moderately abundant, long, fine and yellow. Clypeus with a moderate median carina and slightly emarginate. Propodeal spines relatively long, narrow, sharp, straight and pointing upwards; metapleural lobes sharply triangular. Petiole with a vertical anterior face, right angled junction with the dorsal face; posterior face slightly sloping from a rounded junction with the dorsum. Colour very dark red-brown near black, extremities lighter and shiny.

Moderately common at the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria, Idi Ayunre, probably subarboreal (B. Bolton; B. Taylor, both in Bolton, 1980). The synonym waelbroeki was used also by Wheeler (1922) for a variety of camerunense from Lagos (F. Silvestri). Nests in dead wood on the ground, and in dead wood and crevices on living trees, including cocoa. Will tend aphids. Also found on oil palm. Reported as collected at Mokwa in the savannah area (C. Longhurst) (Bolton, 1980).

This is at the lower end of the Bolton (1980) size range.

{Tetramorium lucayanum rectinodis}Menozzi's rectinodis drawing (right) was of a worker from Fernando Po. This also was described as black with lighter appendages.

{Tetramorium lucayanum}The photomontage of a "type" worker of waelbroeki is collated from
Although this has a "type" label, this is from the Santschi collection and from Nigeria; presumably the specimen in his drawing (above) and an exact match for the Nigeria specimen I drew, above.

Oxford University Museum specimens

Tetramorium lucayanum
B Taylor det.
S Sky Stephens
In personal collection of S Sky Stephens
sexdens form

Tetramorium lucayanum
B Taylor det.
R W Goff
Abuko Nature Reserve
1323'41" N
01638'41" W
Hand collected
Type form
Tetramorium lucayanum
B Taylor det.
Z Yefremova & V Kravchenko

1432' N
0406' W
Niger River, bank of lagoon
CDC trap

Tetramorium lucayanum
B Taylor det.
A Fotso Kuate
Tetramorium spC

0354'30" N
Quadrat in forest
Tetramorium lucayanum
B Taylor det.
Y Braet
Gabon 156
0034' N
0919' E
Leaf litter, winkler funnel

{Tetramorium lucayanum type form}The photomontage is of a specimen from Gambia, Abuko Nature Reserve; collector Roy W Goff, 02.xii.2009.

Note: the clypeus does not have a clearly discernible notch; the mandibles are smooth.
TL ca 3.70 mm, HL 0.93, HW 0.80, CI 86, SL 0.72, SI 88, Eye Length 0.21, EI 26, PW 0.58
This is at the upper end of the Bolton (1980) size range, with larger eyes.

{Tetramorium lucayanum}The photomontage is of a worker from Cameroun; Matomb; collector A Fotso Kuate (fk tetramorium spc).

{Tetramorium lucayanum}Form illustrated by Bolton (1979, 1980) - head with more convex sides, smaller eyes and more abundant erect hairs.

{Tetramorium lucayanum sexdens}The photomontage of a syntype worker of sexdens is collated from

{Tetramorium lucayanum}The photomontage is of a worker from Ghana, collected by S Sky Stephens (06G0043).

{Tetramorium lucayanum}The photomontage is of a worker from Mali, Sevare; collected by Z Yefremova & V Kravchenko (95464).

{Tetramorium lucayanum queen The photomontage is of a dealate queen from Gabon, Pongara National Park; collector Yves Braet (Gabon 156).

2007, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.