|Introduction||The Ants of Africa
Chapter 2 - Geography and History - Angola
Colonial era geography
In reviewing the original descriptions now (late-2003) made available by the efforts of Donat Agosti, I realised that the geography as understood in the late-19th century was not fully comprehended by modern researchers.
In my possesssion I have a copy of the Eton Compendium of Geography, edition published around January 1856, by C.G.N. of King's College, London; the first edition, by Rev. Aaron Arrowsmith, having been published in 1831. I have reproduced the relevant pages as a pdf which can be read by using the link . From the descriptions, however, it will be obvious that almost nothing was known by Europeans of any part of away from the coastal area.
A history of German expeditions in the nineteenth century is given at - http://www.ifeas.uni-mainz.de/workingpapers/Heintze.pdf
Summary of known collectors
Santschi (1930a) examined ant specimens collected by Dr A Monard during a Swiss expedition to the Rio Kubango (Cubango) area of southern Angola, from September 1928 to the end of January 1929. Santschi separated a total of 73 different forms of ant, including 53 species, 19 races or sub-species and 28 varieties. He separated 5 species, 4 races and 8 varieties that were new.
Santschi cited previous studies of ants from Angola as being -
All told Santschi (1930b) listed 139 forms - with 93 species, 23 races and 22 varieties, over half coming from Dr Monard's efforts.
Santschi (1937d) described ants collected by Dr Monard during a further expedition, this time to. This second expedition yield up 104 forms, 55 of which had not previously been reported from Angola, of which 28 were new forms - 7 species, 7 stirps and 14 varieties.
List of places visited by Dr Monard -
©2005, 2006, 2009, 2012 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.