The Ants of Africa
Genus Pheidole
Pheidole jordanica Saulcy

megacephala-group - Major - head width and length equal or subequal; mandibles relatively slender, with at most reduced teeth or denticles; postpetiole trapezoidal but without elongated lateral prominences. Minors without or variable development of a nuchal collar.

megacephala-subgroup - TL > 3.3 mm

Pheidole jordanica Saulcy

return to key {link to the Hymenoptera Name Server} Type location Jordan (Saulcy, 1874: 17, major & minor) - no images available on Antweb (November 2014)
junior synonyms
obtusa (Pheidole megacephala F. r. obtusa n. v., Stitz, 1917: 340, illustrated, major; synonymy Finzi, 1936: 171) from Egypt - see below
schmitzi (Pheidole Schmitzi, n. sp., Forel, 1911h: 455, major, minor & queen) from Israel - no images available on Antweb (November 2014)
major, minor and queen described (see Bolton, 1995).


{Pheidole jordanica}Saulcy's (1874) description is at {original description}. Emery (1889a) had the note {original description} Forel's (1911h) description of schmitzi is at {original description}). Emery (1915j: 233) gave an illustrated description and comparision with sinaitica; this is at {original description} Stitz's (1917) description of obtusa is at {original description}. Finzi (1936: 161) gave notes, these are at {original description}.

With the receipt of specimens from El Minia, Egypt, Mostaf Sharaf and I have separated Pheidole laticeps (Mayr) as a distinct species.


{Pheidole jordanica obtusa} From the Forel (1911h) description of schmitzi, it appears that there is a transverse welt on the mesonotum and the postpetiole is rhomboidal; if so, the species is likely to fall into the fervens species-group. The photographs of minor workers from Iran, below, show a rhomboidal postpetiole and show longitudinal rugae on the genae similar to those on the Pheidole fervens minor. The anterior clypeal margin is distinctly produced forward with a straight margin; the clypeus also appears to be bicarinate.

Collingwood (1985: 253) separated jordanica in his key as having the "Postpetiole longer than broad,about 0.2 X HW; funiculus segment 2 scarcely longer than broad". Collingwood & Agosti (1996: 323) added - Measurements SI 0.675; HW/PPW 0.227 (PPW = postpetiole width).

Reported from Sudan but the location was Khartoum (Karavaiev, 1911), and therefore it is not a true sub-saharan species.

Egypt records - recorded from Cairo by Emery (1889a: 442); junior synonym Pheidole megacephala r. obtusa Stitz (1917: 340, illustrated, soldier). Menozzi (1929e: 125) workers from Sinai oases at Feiran and Wadi Tarfa, collected by F S Bodenheimer. Alfieri (1931) listed one finding from Charkieh Province, Senchawa, 26.x.1925; also in Mohamed et al (2001).

Mohamad (1979) thesis had - Egypt (Det. Crawley, 1927) (Coll.Alf.) Gebel Elba, 22.i.1933 (Coll.Min.) Abu Mena, 8.iv.1954; Benha, 6.ii.1975; Cairo, 16.iii.,29.iv.1975; Alexandria, 27.iii.1975 (Coll.Ain.) Egypt (Det. Crawley, 1927) (Coll.Soc.)


{Pheidole jordanica major}The photomontage of what presumably is the type major worker of obtusa (from the location label and the Museum - Stiz collection? and that it matches the Stitz drawing) is collated from http://www.antweb.org/specimen.do?name=casent09065161.

It is matched also by the major workers shown below or in the museum folders.


Oxford University Museum specimens

Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Sudan
Awatif Omer
05
2012
Sennar
1336' N
3301' E
Majors & minor
3
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Sudan
Awatif Omer
2013.02.02
2013
Abu Hijar
12˚52' N
34˚0' E
minor workers
3
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.


Israel
A Ionescu


19.iii.2007
Tel Aviv Zoo
325’0” N
3449’0” E
.
5
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.


Egypt
M Sharaf


7.iii.2003
Aswan
2405' N
3256' E
Nagh Ghalalab
2
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Egypt
M Sharaf
17.viii.2007
Marsah Matrouh
2405' N
3256' E
.
3
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
queen & workers
Saudi Arabia
M Sharaf

17.iv.2008
Dalaghan
1805' N
4243' E

5
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Saudi Arabia
M Sharaf

18.i.2008
Wadi Abha
1812'19” N
4230'19” E

3
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Yemen
J Batelka
ex P Hlavac

3.xi.2010
Sana'a gov.
1503.7' N
4444.6' E
2510 m
Jabal Haraz Mts
S of Manakha Vill.
Host of Paussus vougemontianus
3
{album}
Pheidole jordanica
B Taylor det.
Iran
O paknia
ZMGU 1353
viii.2004
Gonbad

1
{album}

{Pheidole jordanica major}For more examples see Workers.


The photomontage is of a major from Egypt, Nagh Ghalalab; collector Mostafa Sharaf.


{Pheidole jordanica minor}The photomontage is of a minor from Egypt, Nagh Ghalalab, collector Mostafa Sharaf.


{Pheidole jordanica minor}The photomontage is of a queen from Saudi Arabia, Dalaghan, collector Mostaf Sharaf.


2007, 2008, 2010, 2013, 2014 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.

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