Tetraponera natalensis (F Smith)
Type location South
Africa (29. Pseudomyrma natalensis, F Smith, 1858b: 160, in
Tetraponera, F. Smith, 1877b: 69; queen; Emery,
1895h: 22, worker) - see queen below
natalensis Sm. var. cuitensis
n. subsp., Forel, 1911d:
368, worker) from Angola, between the rivers Cubango and Cuito,
Baum & Van den Kellen
natalensis F. Sm. var. obscurata
n. var., Emery, 1895h: 22, worker; Arnold, 1916: 177, queen &
male) from South Africa
natalensis Sm. r. cuitensis
v. bulawayana n. v., Forel,
112, worker) from Zimbabwe, Bulawayo, collector Arnold;
all forms described (see Bolton, 1995) .
With the availability of type images,
I have raised Tetraponera caffra to full
species status, with quaniama as a junior synonym.
Forel also defined a new variety usambarensis
(Forel, 1911d: 367, worker; Santschi, 1914b: 70, queen) but this
differs so much from the type; comes from a location 1000s of
kilometres to the north; and, seems so nearly identical to Forel's
description, two pages earlier, of Tetraponera
prelli; that I have removed usambarensis to a junior
synonym of prelli.
Smith's (1858b) description of the queen, is at . Emery's (1895h) description of the
worker, with that of obscurata, is at . Forel's (1911d) description of cuitensis
is at and his (1913a) description of cuitensis
var. bulawayana is at . Santschi's (1914e) description of caffra
is at . Arnold (1916: 176) gave
a straight translation of natalensis, this is at , his translation (1916: 177) of obscurata
and caffra is at , and his translation (1916: 177) of cuitensis
var. bulawayana is at .
Smith (1876d) reported observations by J.M. Hutchison,
Weenen in South Africa, of the species making formicaria in the thorns
of a species of acacia.