The Ants of Africa
SUBFAMILY DORYLINAE - Subgenus Anomma males
Subgenus Anomma introduction

Note - I have placed Dorylus atratus Smith in the subgenus Dorylus.

1 {Brown winged Anomma}Brown winged males; with exceptional convexity to anterior of the face 2
. {Dorlyus nigricans wing}Smoky grey wings 6
. Brown winged males; with exceptional convexity to anterior of the face .
2 {Dorylus funereus male}head viewed from above with a flat anterior 3
. {Dorylus zumpti male}Head viewed from above with evenly convex anterior border 4
3 {Dorylus funereus male}Bigger grey-brown wings; head viewed from above with a flat anterior '
. {Dorylus funereus male head} West Africa & Congo Basin - funereus
. TL 28-30 mm, HW 5.4, alitrunk width 6.4, gaster width 6.5; head, base of mandibles, femora black; alitrunk and gaster blackish, rest of appendages dark red brown, extreme borders of gaster reddish brown; pubescence yellowish-grey, very fine and very close yellow, even though it is dense the base colour is still visible; wings a little duller than the type; head wider and slightly less convex than zumpti; ocelli smaller and slightly further apart but the distance from the outer edge of the lateral ocelli to the eyes is slightly bigger; mandibles longer than nigricans Zaïre - funereus v stygis

Alitrunk with fine fawn pubescence giving a silky appearance

-- Dorylus stanleyiSimilar colour to zumpti but with longer more raised pubescence; Forel (1909b) described the male of emeryi "(stanleyi ?n.sp...?)" in comparison with nigricans. TL 28-30 mm; HW 4.8, PW 6.6, gaster width 6.4; head with vertex near flat, slightly convex between the eyes. Frontal carinae less prominent, space between less concave; whole of head flatter, eyes smaller. Propodeal dorsum longer; petiole node larger; gaster slightly enlarged posteriorly, but less than in subgenus Rhogmus. Legs shorter. Wings darker brown. Pubescence less on thorax, less dense and more woolly, resembling grey brown felt. Specimen from Zaïre, Katanga, Mawambi, by Lemaire; rather bigger than type of emeryi. Zaïre , Kenya & Uganda -  stanleyi
5 {Dorylus zumpti male}TL 28-33 mm; HW 5.3 mm, alitrunk width 6-6.3 mm, middle of gaster 6 mm; head & alitrunk dark red brown to black, gaster blackish brown; alitrunk with fine fawn pubescence giving a silky appearance, much more spaced on head and gaster; posterior border of petiole straight .
. {Dorylus zumpti male lhead} zumpti - new status
Smoky (light grey) winged males .
6 {nigricans male face}Head with a distinct longitudinal median sulcus 7
-- {burmeisteri face}Head without a distinct longitudinal median sulcus 10
7 {nigricans head from above}Head from above narrow 8
-- {CAR IH B head  from above}Head from above wide 9
8 {Dorylus nigricans male}Santschi (1937b) noted - these males are much duller than those of the race burmeisteri, the wings are clear, except for the radial cell, but the nerves are blackish (Forel, 1909b, gave HW 5 mm, PW 6, gaster width 5.6 mm); the original description gave "Schwärzliche Aemsenwespe [blackish wasp], nigricans, brunneo-holo-sericeus, abdominis petiolo acetabuliformi. Lange : Einen Zoll [ca TL 25 mm] bis einen Zoll und drei Linien [TL 28.4 mm]". The specimen was a little bigger than the already known species Dorylus (Dorylus) helvolus and without hairs; the wings of nigricans were smoky black with black veins. Posterior border of petiole concave .
. {Dorylus nigricans male} West Africa, Congo Basin, and north-east into Sudan and Somalia - nigricans
9 {CAR IH B male}Head from above wide .

{CAR IH B head} Central African Republic - new species - bayangaensis
Head without a distinct longitudinal median sulcus .
10 Occiput with no more than a few short erect hairs 11
-- Occiput with quite abundant erect hairs 12
11 {Dorylus ? burmeisteri male} .
. {Dorylus burmeisteri ? male head} West Africa, Congo Basin and ? East Africa - burmeisteri
Occiput with quite abundant erect hairs .
12 Occiput with short erect hairs 13
-- Occiput with long erect hairs 14

{Dorylus wilverthi male}Forel (1909b) describing a male collected by M. Luja in company with "A. wilwerthi" workers, had - TL 26-30 mm, more red and larger than that of nigricans, with longer and narrower mandibles; the vertex also is a little more "bombé" - bulging or convex.

. {Dorylus wilverthi male head} West Africa & Congo Basin - wilverthi
Occiput with long erect hairs .
14 Dorylus opacus male(Santschi 1912b) TL 28 mm, reddish brown, head blackish, appendages brown red; with long undulating blond hairs covering all the space between the eyes and the frontal crests, from the clypeus to the occiput, with another tuft of hairs inserted on the base of the mandibles; other such long hairs on the base of the propodeum, under the alitrunk and on the femorae; alitrunk and gaster covered with a silky golden pubescence as on depilis. Head twice as wide as high much less high than in nigricans (sic) with a much flatter upper border but much more arcuate than with atratus. Eyes as convex and and raised as in atratus. Mandibles only three times as long as the bases are wide (much wider in atratus). First two segments of the funiculus smooth and shiny; scape shorter than in nigricans. Alitrunk longer and narrower than nigricans, with the scutellum narrower posteriorly. Petiole "cupuliforme" shorter than nigricans. Wings yellow or a little brownish, with brown nerves; anterior wing 19 mm; HW 5.1 mm height of head 2.3 mm, alitrunk width 5 mm. West Africa & Congo Basin - opacus
-- {Dorylus molestus male} .
. {Dorylus molestus male head}Undescribed but collected with workers in Kenya Primarily from Eastern Africa - molestus
Contents Subgenus Anomma introduction
© 2007, 2009, 2010, 2013 - Brian Taylor CBiol FSB FRES
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