The Ants of Africa
Genus Dorylus Subgenus Typhlopone
Dorylus (Typhlopone) juvenculus Shuckard - revived status

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Dorylus (Typhlopone) juvenculus Shuckard - revived status (here)

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Type location Morocco ("Sp. 5. Dor. juvenculus, Shuck.", Shuckard, 1840c: 318, male; junior synonym of Dorylus fulvus by Emery 1895j: 723) from Barvary, collector Capt. Lyon - see below
junior synonyms
punicus (Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus v. punicus n. var., Santschi, 1926e: 231, illustrated, worker & male; Santschi, 1931d: 401, illustrated, queen) from Tunisia, Kairouan - workers see below
ruficeps (Dorylus (Typhlopone) fulvus West. var. ruficeps n. var., Santschi, 1926e: 232, male; junior synonym of punicus, Menozzi, 1933b: 50; revived from that synonymy as a race of fulvus, Santschi, 1938e: 29; present synonymy added here) from Lebanon, Jounich - see images below.

{Dorylus juvenculus male}Shuckard's (1840c) description of the male is at {original description}.

Santschi's (1931d) description of the queen, or gyne, male and workers of D. fulvus Westw. stirps juvenculus (Shuck.) variety punicus is on {original description}. Wasmann (1904b: 676) listed myrmecophiles found with Dorylus juvenculus Shuck. (Typhlopone oraniensis Luc.).

{Dorylus juvenculs type male The photomontage is of the holotype male collated from

{Dorylus juvenculs type male The photomontage is of the ruficeps type male collated from Appears indentical to the juvenculus type.

Oxford University Museum specimens

Dorylus (Typhlopone) juvenculus
B Taylor det.
G C McGavin
Hunters Camp
Tilley Lamp
Dorylus (Typhlopone) juvenculus
B Taylor det.
J Kugler


Dorylus (Typhlopone) juvenculus
B Taylor det.
J Wahrmann

32.0333333 N
34.75 E



{Dorylus juvenculus punicus male}Santschi's description of the punicus male has TL ca 30 mm.

{Dorylus juvenculus male}The photomontage of a male is a specimen from Israel, Had Hagaren, Tel Aviv, 23.x.1972, collector J Kugler, sent to BT by Armin Ionescu, Tel Aviv University.

{Dorylus juvenculus male}The photomontage is of a male from Tanzania, Mkomazi Game Reserve; collector G C McGavin (OUMNH2005-030).

Queen or gyne

{Dorylus juvenculus punicus gyne} Santschi gave the gyne TL as 42 mm, HL (without mandibles) 4.1 mm; reddish yellow, gaster lighter; funiculi, small tarsi and hypopygium red brown; glabrous; mostly smooth and shiny, with some finely shagreened areas.

{Dorylus juvenculus gyne}Armin Ionescu, of Tel Aviv University has kindly sent me photographs of a gyne from Israel, Kefar-Saba, 10.xi.1967, Z. Zuck-Rimon. From those I have compiled the photomontage. The original photos are on {album}


{Dorylus juvenculus punicus worker head} Santschi (1926e) showed small drawing of the workers (see above) and the heads (right). He described punicus as TL major 11 mm, minors down to 2 mm; uniformly light reddish-yellow, gaster paler, overall paler than the type fulvus; mandibles, antennae, anterior clypeus and frontal carinae brownish-red; major head more elongated than oraniensis with sides more nearly parallel; smoother and more finely punctate than the fulvus type.

For saharensis see D. oraniensis.

{Dorylus punicus type major worker The photomontage of the punicus type major worker is collated from

{Dorylus juvenculus polymorphism} The polymorphism photomontage is of specimens from Israel, Jaffa, 2.ii.1952, collector J Wahrmann (?), sent to BT by Armin Ionescu, Tel Aviv University. Photomontages of the different morphs are on the linked page - Dorylus juvenculus Israel morphs.

2009, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2017 - Brian Taylor CBiol FRSB FRES
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.