TUDGEYs of The Deverill Valley, Wiltshire
As the genealogical records of an ordinary family are patchy at best, some of what follows is my best guess based on recurrence of names and closely matching dates. I have tried to ensure my speculations are indicated, such as by ? preceding a name (information mostly gathered by Zillah Williams and Jeff Tudge).
The first major family group - the Deverill Valley
The principal landowner throughout, at least until the 1900's, was the Longleat Estate of the Marquess of Bath see the gomezsmart website (link above) webpage "Transfer of Land Tenure, Wilts and Other Counties". For instance, there is a 1601 transfer - "Conveyance by Robert LONG, gent., of Whaddon, Edward SCUTT, yeoman, of the lands called 'KINGSTONs' in Warminster and other tenements in the tenure of Edward SLADE, William WAYMAN, Christopher WARREN, Marie SINGER and Edmond NEVILLE, with a close of pasture at Portway and other lands in Warminster, and a messuage in Elm (Som.)". Our families do not feature in any of the transactions - presumably never being other than agriculatural and general labourers.
There are several marriages between members of
the Tudgay and Marshall families. See below for the records but on a
website of the Marshall family, is the following -
"A good example of such a squatters community grew up on wasteland at the edge of Warminster Common, in an area of heath and woodland well away from the town. During the seventeenth century a few small cottages were built there, and in spite of half hearted attempts by the Longleat estate to prevent the growth of the settlement, other squatters hovels were erected during the 18th century. By 1781 there were more than 1000 people living in some 200 cottages, most of them consisting of no more than one room up and one room down, with earth floors, no ceilings and lacking the barest facilities. The water supply came from the stream which was polluted with filth and rubbish, disease was rampant there, and the place was notorious for crime, violence and drunkenness" (J.Bettey, Rural Life in Wessex 1500-1900 pp 58-59) [ web link to source]
After a search of the Somerset County Archives in Taunton, etc., my brother Martin, assembled the linked Table of Deverill Baptisms from 1678 to 1837.
From 1837 the Free Births Marriages and Death index (BMD) can be searched. The villages fall into two Registration Districts.
Mere Registration District, created 1 July 1837 ran to 1 January 1978, when it became part of the Salisbury Registration District. It included East Knoyle, Fonthill Gifford, Kingston Deverill, Maiden Bradley, Mere, Monkton Deverill and West Knole. There is some difficulty in separating people of the same name, e.g. James, although some correlation wth, say, wives, is possible.
created 1 July 1837 ran to 1 April 2008. It included Brixton Deverill,
Corsley, Kingston Deverill and Longbridge Deverill
We are fairly confident now that the main origins of most, if not all extant Tudgay/Tudgey/Tudgee family members stems from -
The Transfer of Lands referred to above has - "Wiltshire, Corsley, 16 August 1791. Lease. Tenement with dyehouse, stables, outbuildings and land on Corsley Heath known as 'Biggs'. 1st Marquess to Sampson PAYNE of Frome, hardwareman, and Lebbeus TRIMBY, yeoman, of Bruton, executors and trustees of the will of the late Thomas SINGER of Corsley, shopkeeper".
A John Tudgay m Ann Pane, at Frome Selwood, Somerset, on 13 May 1706 (see link and below)
Records of the Longbridge Deverill almshouse, have Joseph Payne, who entered the almshouse aged 85, on 14 Aug 1764 Link. The same records have a good number of later Payne family members.
There is a will of Thomas Tudgey of Wotton under Edge, for the year
1715, proven in the Consistory Court of the Bishop of Gloucester - see https://archive.org/stream/b24874760_0002#page/130/mode/2up/search/Tudgey
A record concerning Giles Grendey, Cabinet Maker, of London but born in Wotton under Edge, records how after a disastrous fire on 4 August 1731, the resumed business had apprentices that included "Oct 3 1737, John Tudgey £20" and "Tudgey came, like, Grendey, from Wotton under Edge". See https://bifmo.data.history.ac.uk/entry/grendey-giles-1693-1780
Children of James Tudgy/Tudgey christened at Longbridge Deverill, Wiltshire
Zillah (July 2003) has examined several wills and so, I have been able to add to the information on this family.
The will of James Tudgey of Longbridge Deverill, made in 1722, mentions his son John, his daughter Anne and his (unnamed) wife. He was a carpenter and appears to have died not long after.
The transcription of marriages for Motcombe in Dorset has James Tudgey of Longbridge Deverill marrying Ann Crough (?Crouch) on 24 Jun 1727 [I guess this was a second marriage] (link).
Burials for Motcombe have Joan Tudgey, daughter of James, buried 21 Apr 1729
Thomas Brimble (1766-1837), also spelt as Bramble, of Kingston Deverill, m (2nd) Elizabeth Tudgay, b 1773, also of Kingston Deverill. The wedding was at St. Mary's, Kingston Deverill, 22/09/1799. By 1850, the family had moved to Whitepits, Kingston Deverill, where Elizabeth died on 03 Apr 1850, being buried at St. Mary's on 06 Apr 1850.
In her thesis on the Brimble family, Vicki Hails describes how Thomas married again at St. Mary's on 22 Sep 1799 to Elizabeth Tudgay, also of Kingston Deverill, following the publication of banns on three consecutive Sundays, as required (11 Aug, 18 Aug, and 25 Aug, 1799). The marriage was in the name of Bramble. The Tudgay family features quite prominently in Kingston Deverill's history and the 1855 Post Office Directory lists a Mr. George Tudgay as Postmaster and his wife, Elizabeth, as a shopkeeper. Thomas and Elizabeth had a family of seven children, all boys, namely, Jesse (1800-1866); Thomas (1802-1868); William (1804-1887), who was transported to Australia after conviction for theft in 1818; John (1807-1879), who emigrated to Australia; Henry (1810); Benjamin (1813) and George (1820). - web link to source. Email Vhails@froggy.com.au. Also see Forward Family of Mere, Wiltshire, England about the migrations to Australia.
Note (see below) James Tudgay, married Elizabeth Brimble, 02 Jun 1857, Kingston Deverill, Wilts
Information on William Tudgay, chr 13 Aug 1751, from a descendant, Helen Jones, of Weymouth, who has seen the parish registers.
Family of John Tudgay & Elizabeth of Kingston Deverill
Family of James Tudgay & Elizabeth of Kingston Deverill
Family of Broad Chalk, Wiltshire - web link to Broad Chalk site
Purely speculatively, the father of this William Tudgey, could have been William Tudgey, chr 1692, at Longbridge Deverill, son of James Tudgy/Tudgey (see above).
From Zillah Williams, 28 Jun 2003 - "I've just noticed on the IGI the following: William TUGG marrying Mary FOWLETT on 05 Jul 1752, Fovant, Wiltshire, England. Batch No. M154731. The information I'd been given by a family member is that William TUDGY m. Mary FAWLETT (or FOLLETT) 5 Jul 1752 at Fovant Wilts. So these are one and the same. And back in 2000 someone told me that the BIVR (British ? Vital Records?) give the TUGG/FOWLETT version. And it comes from the "BTranscripts for Fovant"."
Zillah (19 July 2003) sent -
* At one point, it seemed this John Tudgey was a candidate for being the unknown father of William Tudgdy, b Leigh on Mendip, in 1777, see above and . We did not have a record of William's father but a John Tudgay, aged 20, was reported in 1778 as a fathering a bastard, born at Frampton outside Dorchester.
The widow, Mary Tudgy m William Langtry on 26 Nov 1776 at Broad Chalk, Wiltshire
Mary Tudgey, baptised on 30 Mar 1777, m. William
Marshall, at Kingston Deverill, on 17 Apr 1797.
In the papers of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Marquess of Bath, there is a bound volume of accounts (21 Apr 1806 - 31 Dec 1818) for the building work at Longleat House carried out by Sir Jeffry Wyatville. Among those paid for goods and services was William Tudgay, for carriage of fire bricks http://www.gomezsmart.myzen.co.uk/land/longleat/accounts.htm
Similarly, the Longleat accounts have -
Later Wiltshire Tudgay/Tudgey family members
prior to the 1881 Census
Sarah Tudgay, b 1771, Kingston Deverill, ? m 04 Nov
1792 (1794) at Kingston Deverill
Jemina Tudgay, b 1791, m George Cuff, d 30 Nov
1865, brd Corsley,
Wilts (web source no longer available). Bmd has a Jemima Cuff, d 4Q
1865; and, George Cuff, d 1Q 1882, age 84, Warminster (Reg. District
A transfer of lands of the Longleat Estate has - Wiltshire Corsley 15 November 1817. Lease and counterpart. Cottage in Whitbourne Moor formerly in the tenure of William Hopkins and since of John Hopkins with the garden ground, orchard and meadow adjoining (1a. 3r. 20p.). 2nd Marquess to Kitty Cuff late of Corsley and now of Frome Selwood (Soms.), widow of the late Caleb Cuff. Rent 5s. For the lives of Kitty Cuff (aged 61), James Dodsley Cuff (aged 36) and John Hagley (aged 18) son of John Hagley of Frome Selwood, gent. Written on the cover: ‘Old survey page 5, Rough Survey page 24’ ‘Expired by the death of John Hagley 6 June 1881’ (web source no longer available).
Jane Tudgay m 06/06/1808, Corsley, Wilts [IGI record].
Sent to me via the Rootsweb link - 31 Aug 2007 - "Message
Board Post: Hello,
By email 7 March 2012, Patricia Oatley told me: "I am a descendant of George Cuff and Jemina Tudgay of Corsley, Wiltshire, England.
My great grandfather, Richard Haines, born 14 May 1864 in Corsley, was the son of Richard Haines, born 1829 in Woodlands, Frome, Somerset, and Harriet Cuff, born 1829 in Corsley, married 17 May 1853, Corsley. Harriet Cuff was the daughter of George Cuff and Jemina Tudgay.
Richard Haines married Mary Ann Baker and moved to Penarth Wales. My grandfather John Ernest Haines, married to Emma Hare was born there. He and his parents moved to Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario Canada, where my mother was born as was I and two of my children. My grandfather was superintendent of the Water Works there and on the living room was a large picture of ships. It was painted by a Tudgay, a relative. Everyone remembers the picture but no-one knows what happened to it. I am looking forward to your site and hope that I can find out more about Jemina Tudgay family".
George Tudgay, chr 04 Apr 1794, at Bishopstone by
Elizabeth Tudgay m Stephen
Garrett (Garratt), 05 Feb 1809, Kingston Deverill, Wilts
Joshua Tudgey, is recorded as a member of the Wiltshire Friendly Society, living at Longbridge Deverell, registered in 1846, ref no 3778 source. BMD has a single Joshua Tudgey, m 4Q 1853, St Geo Hanover Square, London, Emily Smith; d 4Q 1857, Clerkenwell. Emily Tudgey, d 2Q 1885, age 61, Holborn. See also, died in 1857 and was buried in the Abney Park Cemetery, East London
The 1851 Census for Wiltshire had - Tudgay born CON, 5 members; Tudgay born Wiltshire - 5 members; Tudgey born Dorset - 5 members; Tudgey born Somerset - 5 members; Tudgey born Wiltshire - 5 members; Tudgey born Wiltshire - 12 members; Tugdy, born Wiltshire - 9 members
The 1851 Census record for Belchalwell, Dorset, had Ann
Tudgay, unmarried servant, age 35, born in Kingston Deverill;
servant to the family of farmer Elizabeth Monk, widow aged 44. The
Marriage Register for St Aldhelms Church, Belchalwell, had married on
Sunday, 8th May, 1853, Ann Tudgay, full age, spinster, daughter of John
labourer; married to Stephen Morphus, bachelor, full age,
living in Belchalwell; one of the witnesses was Mary (?Pittman) Monk.
BMD has Ann Tudgay, m 2Q 1853, Sturminster, Stephen Marpas.
James Tudgay b ca 1826, buried at Brixton Deverill, 18 Apr 1901 web link to source; the 1901 Census has a James Fudgay, age 74, b Kingstone Deverill, living in Warminster Parish, carter on a farm; probably the James Tudgay, m Elizabeth Brimble, 02 Jun 1857, Kingston Deverill, Wilts
Elizabeth Tudgay, m William Marshall, 24 Aug
1861, Kingston Deverill, Wilts (also ex H Jones) - see below -
in 1881, William Marshall, b 1838, was an inmate in the Mere
Workhouse, responsible for Albert, Rosa and William Tudgay, aged 5,
4 and 2 respectively
Speculative family trees (derived from Marriage records)
This family has as its patriarch John Tudgay, b Warminster, Wilts, ca 1785/6, and moved via Midford, Somerset, to Kingston Deverill, before 1871, and there in 1881, splitting up by 1901. I feel a separate page is essential to show this branch but the descendants shown below are marked @ .
Information from Rod Clarke and his wife, a great granddaughter of Isaac John Tudgay, of Whitby, Ontario, Canada (sent to me in July 2003).
Monkton Deverill, 1881
Dwelling No 82
Dwelling No 83
Family of Henry Tudgey in 1901
Census for Kingston Deverill but ex Monkton Deverill - also above (Henry
Tudgay, m 2Q 1892, Mere, Matilda Ruddick)
Matilda Caroline Tudgay, Choir member, plaque in Marston Bigot Church (no dates listed) source. Matilda C Tudgay, d 2Q 1947, age 81, Bournemouth (b 1866)[Kezia Tudgay ?, m 4Q 1914, Christchurch, Robert H Davis; Kezia Davis, d 1Q 1921, age 68, Christchurch (b 1853)]
Gertrude L M Tudgay, m 4Q 1934, Bournemouth, James E Nokes; Gertrude L M Nokes, d 2Q 1940, age 47, Salisbury (b 1893), no children. No BMD birth record.
Chikdren of Ellen "Nellie" Tudgay. Births: mother Tudgay, Bournemouth; Margaret H M Jenkinson, b 2Q 1976; Muriel GM Jenkinson, b 1Q 1930; Barbara M Jenkinson, b 4Q1933. Ellen D Jenkinson, d 1Q 1945, age 51, Christchurch.
Kingston Deverill, 1881
No 34 Village
No 32 Village
No 16 Whitepits
No 61 Lower End
No 64 Lower End
Cuthbert Out, Wells, Somerset,
1901 Census: Frank Tudgay, aged 27 (b 1874), born in Kenniston,
Wilts, was living in occupation carter on farm; his wife
was Mary Tudgay, aged 37, born Northleigh, Devon; and there was
one child, Daisy Tudgay,
aged 3 months, born Out St Cuthbert (BMD Daisy Annie S Tudgay, b 1Q
1901, Wells; Daisy S A Tudgay, m 1Q 1952, Bath, Lawrence O Barker.
Frank Tudgay m 1Q 1900, Wells, Mary Berry.
Radstock brothers in 1901 Census
No 69 Lower End
Andrew Tudgay enquired via the email@example.com facility in Dec 2008 - "I'm trying to do my tree but with no joy. My father is Raymond Albert Tudgay b. 1950 in Wells Somerset. He has two brothers David & Michael. Their father is Ernest Arthur Tudgay b.1909 d.1957 and he was married to May Kathie Small b.1921 d.2006. I know that they came from the Frome area before May moved to South Brewham, Somerset in the mid 1970's. I believe Ernest's father was Albert Tudgay born around 1877, and that's all I know so any help would be very greatfully received". The assumption has to be that these are descendants of the above Albert, who died in WWI. He was aged 40 and died on 2 Jun 1917, leaving a widow Sarah Ann, four sone and a daughter. A search of the 1911 Census shows "Earnest Arthur Tudgay" age 2 of Frome, confirming the lineage.
William Enoch Tudgay, 1869-1935, d Radstock, Somerset; b in Midsomer Norton. Married Rosa Agnes Butler, b 1904, in Radstock. Daughter Gladys Hilda Tudgay, b 1904, Radstock. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=REG&db=pjc4ax&id=I35140). Not listed in the 1911 Census!
family in Clutton, Somerset from sons of Moses Tudgay of Kingston
Deverill - see also Frank Tudgay below (at one point in Clutton)
The 1891 Census for 1 Top Row, Tyning, Radstock, has William James, age 63, coal miner, b Kilmersdon; Martha James, wife, age 56, b Kilmersdon; Vasti Tugday, age 21, married, dau. b Radstock; Arthur Tugday, age 27, son-in-law, coal miner, b Kingston, Wilts.
The records of Perrymead Cemetery (link) has a "Clara Tugday", 1868-1941. The Notes on the link have: Arthur T Tugday, d 1Q 1922, age, 61, Bath; Mary Tugday, d 2Q 1941, age 72, Bath; and, Clara Tudgay, d 17 May 1941, age 72, buried 22 May 1941. There is no "Clara Tudgay" or "Tugday" in BMD. The BMD records have an Arthur Tom Tudgay, b 3Q 1860 Mere, with no corresponding death.
John Tudgay (Tudgey) m Caroline Gray, 03 Oct 1868, at West Knoyle, Wilts; his father was Charles Tudgey and her's Thomas Gray.
In the 1901 Census, John, age 56, born in Kingston Deverill, and Caroline, age 61, born in West Knoyle, Wilts, were living in Brixton Deverill; John was an Ordinary Agricultural Labourer. They were the only Tudgays in Brixton Deverill.
John Tudgay, d 4Q
1903, age 62, Bridgwater (b 1841). Caroline Tudgay, d 1Q 1906, age 65,
Records of the Longbridge Deverill almshouse, have one Tudgay. This was Charles Tudgay, who entered the almshouse aged 68, on 21 Jan 1910, and left when he married (!) in February 1915 Link. In 1911 Census as in Warminster!
Charles Tudgay, m 1Q
1915 Mere, Emma Tudgay. Charles Tudgay,
d 1Q 1922, age 80, Mere. Emma Tudgay,
d 3Q 1933, age 83, Mere.
4 Knoyle Down, East Knoyle, Wilts
George Tudgay, d 2Q 1882, age 69, Mere. Sarah Tudgay, d 4Q 1882, age 73, Mere.
In the 1901 Census, a George Tudgay, aged 65, born in Monk(le) ton Deverill, was living in Dalwood, Devon, "Living on own means" (b 1836) ??.
Albert Tudgay, b 1876, Monkton Deverill, Wilts; scholar
There is a marriage record for - Annie Eliza Tudgay, age 27, marrying William Sutcliffe, age 24, on 08/08/1886, at Clitheroe, Lancashire; her father is given as Josiah Trimby and his as Thomas Sutcliffe. Annie was the elder sister of Emma Jane Trimby (see below). George Tudgay (see below, at East Knoyle, Wilts) had married Sarah Ann Trimby, daughter of Joseph Trimby in 1851. A further search yielded - Annie Eliza Trimby m William Tudgay, 04 Dec 1875, Kingston Deverill (BMD m 4Q 1875, Mere; ? = William Tudgay, b 1Q 1857, Mere, no death record in the 1875-1881 period). Annie and her son, William Henry T Tudgay, born 1Q 1879, Mere, went to Clitheroe. The family there can be seen at
10, Oriel street, Swindon, Wilts in 1881
Thomas Tudgey, b 1801, Kingston Deverill, widowed, an
"Annuitant", boarder in the household of William B King; ? BMD m 4Q
7 Ivy Place
Leslie H C R Tudgay
Steeple Langford, Salisbury,
Wiltshire in 1901 - (just east of Hanging Langford on Map)
Sutton Veny Church, Wiltshire, has a war memorial recording those who
served in the First World War, the names include Lionel F Tudgay,
Training Reserve, and Reginald A Tudgay, Royal Field Artillery. link
There is a curious marriage record for - Annie Eliza Tudgay,
age 27, marrying William Sutcliffe, age 24, on 08/08/1886, at
Clitheroe, Lancashire; her father is given as Josiah Trimby and his as
Thomas Sutcliffe. Presumably Annie was the elder sister of Emma Jane
and had been married to a Tudgay, but who that was is not obvious.
George Tudgay (see above at East Knoyle, Wilts) had married Sarah Ann
Trimby, daughter of Joseph Trimby in 1851. A further search yielded - Annie
Eliza Trimby m William
Tudgay, 04 Dec 1875, Kingston Deverill (BMD m 4Q 1875, Mere;
? = William Tudgay, b 1Q 1857, Mere). Annie and her son, William Henry T Tudgay, born 1Q
1879, Mere, went to Clitheroe.
The family there can be seen at
In the 1881 Census, Emma Jane Trimby, age 17, born Salisbury, Wilts, was an unmarried launderess, living at 66 Culver Street, Salisbury St Martin, with her widowed mother, Emma Trimby, also a launderess, age 53, born Pitton, Wiltshire (b 1828); Emma Trimby, d 1Q 1917, age 89, Salisbury.
A Josiah Trimby, however, is recorded as marrying Sheba Ann Pressley, on 29 Jan 1852, at Kingston Deverill; and in 1881, age 50, was head of household, living at 5 Knoyle Down, East Knoyle, married, farm labourer.
Rose Tudgay, living at 25 Market Place, Frome,
a general domestic servant to the Singer family, unmarried, aged 17,
born Kingston Deverill [source http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~druce9/market1.htm];
see also in Somerset 1881 page. Rose Tudgay b 2Q 1864 Mere; d 4Q 1919,
age 55, Wells.
Linda Tudgay, aged 18, born Kingston Deverill, living
occupation, Servant Domestic; Linda Bessie Tudgay, b 3Q 1883, Mere; m
2Q 1905, Richmond Surrey, William Meddings. Linda B Meddings, d 2Q
1963, age 79, Sidcup. No Meddings-Tudgay children. William A Meddings,
d 1Q 1935, age 52, Surrey S W.
All Wilts BVRI, ex J Tudge
©2001, 2002, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2017 - Brian Taylor BTech PhD
11, Grazingfield, Wilford, Nottingham, NG11 7FN, U.K.
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